Adaptation of faecal microbiota in sows after diet changes and consequences for in vitro fermentation capacity

M.A. Sappok, O.N. Perez Gutierrez, H. Smidt, W.F. Pellikaan, M.W.A. Verstegen, G. Bosch, W.H. Hendriks

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In vitro gas production studies are routinely used to assess the metabolic capacity of intestinal microbiota to ferment dietary fibre sources. The faecal inocula used during the in vitro gas production procedure are most often obtained from animals adapted to a certain diet. The present study was designed to assess whether 19 days of adaptation to a diet are sufficient for faecal inocula of pigs to reach a stable microbial composition and activity as determined by in vitro gas production. Eighteen multiparous sows were allotted to one of two treatments for three weeks: a diet high in fibre (H) or a diet low in fibre (L). After this 3-week period, the H group was transferred to the low fibre diet (HL-treatment) while the L group was transferred to the diet high in fibre (LH-treatment). Faecal samples were collected from each sow at 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16 and 19 days after the diet change and prepared as inoculum used for incubation with three contrasting fermentable substrates: oligofructose, soya pectin and cellulose. In addition, inocula were characterised using a phylogenetic microarray targeting the pig gastrointestinal tract microbiota. Time after diet change had an effect (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1453-1464
JournalAnimal
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Keywords

  • gas-production technique
  • large-intestine
  • growing pigs
  • adult-pigs
  • fiber
  • substrate
  • kinetics
  • digesta
  • communities
  • performance

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