Acute toxicity test for terrestrial hazard assessment with exposure of Folsomia candida to pesticides in an aqueous medium

N.W.H. Houx, A. Dekker, A.M.M. van Kammen-Polman, R. Ronday

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    21 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    An acute-toxicty test is described in which the springtail Folsomia candida was exposed to pesticides in water for four days. The test method has been designed for the direct and economical chemical analyses of all the concentrations during the execution of the test. The 96-hour EC50 values determined for parathion, carbofuran, dimethoate and oxamyl were 0.0087, 0.222, 16.2 and 23.6 mg/l, respectively. The toxicity of the pesticides was correlated with their lipophilicity. For terrestrial hazard assessment procedures the use of the intrinsic toxicity of chemicals to soil organisms, as determined in this simple test, is proposed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)9-14
    JournalArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    Volume30
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1996

    Keywords

    • chemicals
    • persistence
    • pesticide residues
    • pesticides
    • plant protection
    • toxicology

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