Active aggregation among sexes in bean flower thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti) on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata)

Saliou Niassy, Sunday Ekesi, N.K. Maniania, Benedict Orindi, G.B. Moritz, W.J. de Kogel, Sevgan Subramanian*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Male sexual aggregations are a common territorial, mating-related or resource-based, behaviour observed in diverse organisms, including insects such as thrips. The influence of factors such as plant substrate, time of day, and geographic location on aggregation of thrips is uncertain, therefore we monitored the dispersion of male and female bean flower thrips (BFT), Megalurothrips sjostedti (Trybom) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), on cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. (Fabaceae), over three cowpea growth stages and across three cowpea-growing areas of Kenya. Our results indicated that for all the crop growth stages, the density of BFTs varied over the time of day, with higher densities at 10:00, 13:00, and 16:00 hours than at 07:00 hours. Thrips densities did not differ among blocks at the budding stage, but they did at peak flowering and podding stages. Dispersion indices suggested that both male and female BFTs were aggregated. Active male aggregation occurred only on green plant parts and it varied across blocks, crop stages, and locations. Similarly, active female aggregation was observed in peak flowering and podding stages. Such active aggregation indicates a semiochemical or behaviour-mediated aggregation. Identification of such a semiochemical may offer new opportunities for refining monitoring and management strategies for BFT on cowpea, the most important grain legume in sub-Saharan Africa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-24
JournalEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
Volume158
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Fingerprint

Megalurothrips sjostedti
thrips
Vigna unguiculata
Thysanoptera
cowpeas
flower
beans
flowers
gender
semiochemical
semiochemicals
flowering
developmental stages
aggregation behavior
Thrips (Thripidae)
crop
Thripidae
refining
Sub-Saharan Africa
crops

Keywords

  • Aggregation behaviour
  • Dispersion index
  • Fabaceae
  • Grain legumes
  • Semiochemical
  • Thripidae
  • Thysanoptera

Cite this

Niassy, Saliou ; Ekesi, Sunday ; Maniania, N.K. ; Orindi, Benedict ; Moritz, G.B. ; de Kogel, W.J. ; Subramanian, Sevgan. / Active aggregation among sexes in bean flower thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti) on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). In: Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 2016 ; Vol. 158, No. 1. pp. 17-24.
@article{1d442adbf40543848395fbc48342e80e,
title = "Active aggregation among sexes in bean flower thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti) on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata)",
abstract = "Male sexual aggregations are a common territorial, mating-related or resource-based, behaviour observed in diverse organisms, including insects such as thrips. The influence of factors such as plant substrate, time of day, and geographic location on aggregation of thrips is uncertain, therefore we monitored the dispersion of male and female bean flower thrips (BFT), Megalurothrips sjostedti (Trybom) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), on cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. (Fabaceae), over three cowpea growth stages and across three cowpea-growing areas of Kenya. Our results indicated that for all the crop growth stages, the density of BFTs varied over the time of day, with higher densities at 10:00, 13:00, and 16:00 hours than at 07:00 hours. Thrips densities did not differ among blocks at the budding stage, but they did at peak flowering and podding stages. Dispersion indices suggested that both male and female BFTs were aggregated. Active male aggregation occurred only on green plant parts and it varied across blocks, crop stages, and locations. Similarly, active female aggregation was observed in peak flowering and podding stages. Such active aggregation indicates a semiochemical or behaviour-mediated aggregation. Identification of such a semiochemical may offer new opportunities for refining monitoring and management strategies for BFT on cowpea, the most important grain legume in sub-Saharan Africa.",
keywords = "Aggregation behaviour, Dispersion index, Fabaceae, Grain legumes, Semiochemical, Thripidae, Thysanoptera",
author = "Saliou Niassy and Sunday Ekesi and N.K. Maniania and Benedict Orindi and G.B. Moritz and {de Kogel}, W.J. and Sevgan Subramanian",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/eea.12383",
language = "English",
volume = "158",
pages = "17--24",
journal = "Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata",
issn = "0013-8703",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "1",

}

Active aggregation among sexes in bean flower thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti) on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). / Niassy, Saliou; Ekesi, Sunday; Maniania, N.K.; Orindi, Benedict; Moritz, G.B.; de Kogel, W.J.; Subramanian, Sevgan.

In: Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, Vol. 158, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 17-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Active aggregation among sexes in bean flower thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti) on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata)

AU - Niassy, Saliou

AU - Ekesi, Sunday

AU - Maniania, N.K.

AU - Orindi, Benedict

AU - Moritz, G.B.

AU - de Kogel, W.J.

AU - Subramanian, Sevgan

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Male sexual aggregations are a common territorial, mating-related or resource-based, behaviour observed in diverse organisms, including insects such as thrips. The influence of factors such as plant substrate, time of day, and geographic location on aggregation of thrips is uncertain, therefore we monitored the dispersion of male and female bean flower thrips (BFT), Megalurothrips sjostedti (Trybom) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), on cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. (Fabaceae), over three cowpea growth stages and across three cowpea-growing areas of Kenya. Our results indicated that for all the crop growth stages, the density of BFTs varied over the time of day, with higher densities at 10:00, 13:00, and 16:00 hours than at 07:00 hours. Thrips densities did not differ among blocks at the budding stage, but they did at peak flowering and podding stages. Dispersion indices suggested that both male and female BFTs were aggregated. Active male aggregation occurred only on green plant parts and it varied across blocks, crop stages, and locations. Similarly, active female aggregation was observed in peak flowering and podding stages. Such active aggregation indicates a semiochemical or behaviour-mediated aggregation. Identification of such a semiochemical may offer new opportunities for refining monitoring and management strategies for BFT on cowpea, the most important grain legume in sub-Saharan Africa.

AB - Male sexual aggregations are a common territorial, mating-related or resource-based, behaviour observed in diverse organisms, including insects such as thrips. The influence of factors such as plant substrate, time of day, and geographic location on aggregation of thrips is uncertain, therefore we monitored the dispersion of male and female bean flower thrips (BFT), Megalurothrips sjostedti (Trybom) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), on cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. (Fabaceae), over three cowpea growth stages and across three cowpea-growing areas of Kenya. Our results indicated that for all the crop growth stages, the density of BFTs varied over the time of day, with higher densities at 10:00, 13:00, and 16:00 hours than at 07:00 hours. Thrips densities did not differ among blocks at the budding stage, but they did at peak flowering and podding stages. Dispersion indices suggested that both male and female BFTs were aggregated. Active male aggregation occurred only on green plant parts and it varied across blocks, crop stages, and locations. Similarly, active female aggregation was observed in peak flowering and podding stages. Such active aggregation indicates a semiochemical or behaviour-mediated aggregation. Identification of such a semiochemical may offer new opportunities for refining monitoring and management strategies for BFT on cowpea, the most important grain legume in sub-Saharan Africa.

KW - Aggregation behaviour

KW - Dispersion index

KW - Fabaceae

KW - Grain legumes

KW - Semiochemical

KW - Thripidae

KW - Thysanoptera

U2 - 10.1111/eea.12383

DO - 10.1111/eea.12383

M3 - Article

VL - 158

SP - 17

EP - 24

JO - Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata

JF - Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata

SN - 0013-8703

IS - 1

ER -