Acetylcholinesterase Inhibition in Rats and Humans Following Acute Fenitrothion Exposure Predicted by Physiologically Based Kinetic Modeling-Facilitated Quantitative In Vitro to In Vivo Extrapolation

Jiaqi Chen*, Shensheng Zhao, Sebastiaan Wesseling, Nynke I. Kramer, Ivonne M.C.M. Rietjens, Hans Bouwmeester

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Worldwide use of organophosphate pesticides as agricultural chemicals aims to maintain a stable food supply, while their toxicity remains a major public health concern. A common mechanism of acute neurotoxicity following organophosphate pesticide exposure is the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). To support Next Generation Risk Assessment for public health upon acute neurotoxicity induced by organophosphate pesticides, physiologically based kinetic (PBK) modeling-facilitated quantitative in vitro to in vivo extrapolation (QIVIVE) approach was employed in this study, with fenitrothion (FNT) as an exemplary organophosphate pesticide. Rat and human PBK models were parametrized with data derived from in silico predictions and in vitro incubations. Then, PBK model-based QIVIVE was performed to convert species-specific concentration-dependent AChE inhibition obtained from in vitro blood assays to corresponding in vivo dose-response curves, from which points of departure (PODs) were derived. The obtained values for rats and humans were comparable with reported no-observed-adverse-effect levels (NOAELs). Humans were found to be more susceptible than rats toward erythrocyte AChE inhibition induced by acute FNT exposure due to interspecies differences in toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics. The described approach adequately predicts toxicokinetics and acute toxicity of FNT, providing a proof-of-principle for applying this approach in a 3R-based chemical risk assessment paradigm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20521-20531
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume57
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2023

Keywords

  • acetylcholinesterase inhibition
  • fenitrothion
  • organophosphate pesticide
  • physiologically based kinetic (PBK) model
  • quantitative in vitro to in vivo extrapolation (QIVIVE)

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