Accurate genotype imputation in multiparental populations from low-coverage sequence

Chaozhi Zheng*, Martin P. Boer, Fred A. van Eeuwijk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Many different types of multiparental populations have recently been produced to increase genetic diversity and resolution in QTL mapping. Low-coverage, genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) technology has become a cost-effective tool in these populations, despite large amounts of missing data in offspring and founders. In this work, we present a general statistical framework for genotype imputation in such experimental crosses from low-coverage GBS data. Generalizing a previously developed hidden Markov model for calculating ancestral origins of offspring DNA, we present an imputation algorithm that does not require parental data and that is applicable to bi-and multiparental populations. Our imputation algorithm allows heterozygosity of parents and offspring as well as error correction in observed genotypes. Further, our approach can combine imputation and genotype calling from sequencing reads, and it also applies to called genotypes from SNP array data. We evaluate our imputation algorithm by simulated and real data sets in four different types of populations: the F2, the advanced intercross recombinant inbred lines, the multiparent advanced generation intercross, and the cross-pollinated population. Because our approach uses marker data and population design information efficiently, the comparisons with previous approaches show that our imputation is accurate at even very low (< 1 ×) sequencing depth, in addition to having accurate genotype phasing and error detection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-82
Number of pages12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018


  • Cross-pollinated (CP) population
  • Genotype imputation
  • Genotyping by sequencing
  • Hidden Markov model
  • MPP
  • Multiparent advanced generation inter-cross (MAGIC)
  • Multiparental populations

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