Acceleration of the Fe(III)EDTA(-) reduction rate in BioDeNO(x) reactors by dosing electron mediating compounds

P.M.F. van der Maas, P. van den Brink, A. Klapwijk, P.N.L. Lens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BioDeNO(x), a novel technique to remove NOx from industrial flue gases, is based on absorption of gaseous nitric oxide into an aqueous Fe(II)EDTA(2-) solution, followed by the biological reduction of Fe(II)EDTA(2-) complexed NO to N-2. Besides NO reduction, high rate biological Fe(III)EDTA(-) reduction is a crucial factor for a succesful application of the BioDeNO(x) technology, as it determines the Fe(II)EDTA(2-) concentration in the scrubber liquor and thus the efficiency of NO removal from the gas phase. This paper investigates the mechanism and kinetics of biological Fe(III)EDTA(-) reduction by unadapted anaerobic methanogenic sludge and BioDeNO(x) reactor mixed liquor. The influence of different electron donors, electron mediating compounds and CaSO3 on the Fe(III)EDTA(-) reduction rate was determined in batch experiments (21 mM Fe(III)EDTA(-), 55 degrees C, pH 7.2 +/- 0.2). The Fe(III)EDTA(-) reduction rate depended on the type of electron donor, the highest rate (13.9 mM h(-1)) was observed with glucose, followed by ethanol, acetate and hydrogen. Fe(III)EDTA(-) reduction occurred at a relatively slow (4.1 mM h(-1)) rate with methanol as the electron donor. Small amounts (0.5 mM) of sulfide, cysteine or elemental sulfur accelerated the Fe(III)EDTA(-) reduction. The amount of iron reduced significantly exceeded the amount that can be formed by the chemical reaction of sulfide with Fe(III)EDTA(-), suggesting that the Fe(III)EDTA(-) reduction was accelerated via an auto-catalytic process with an unidentified electron mediating compound, presumably polysulfides. formed out of the sulfur additives, Using ethanol as electron donor, the specific Fe(III)EDTA(-) reduction rate was linearly related to the amount of sulfide supplied. CaSO3 (0.5-100 mM) inhibited Fe(III)EDTA(-) reduction, probably because SO32- scavenged the electron mediating compound. 3
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-249
JournalChemosphere
Volume75
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • methanogenic bacteria
  • hydrogen-sulfide
  • reducing bacteria
  • nitrogen-oxides
  • chelated iron
  • nitric-oxide
  • fatty-acids
  • flue-gas
  • edta
  • absorption

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