Background: Potassium supplementation lowers blood pressure (BP) in randomized controlled trials, but the long-term effect of dietary potassium intake on risk of hypertension has not yet been established. Objective: To examine the association of 24h urinary excretions of potassium, reflecting dietary uptake, with risk of hypertension. Methods: We used data from the Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-Stage Disease (PREVEND) study, a prospective, community-based, observational cohort of Dutch men and women aged 28-75 years. Potassium excretion was measured at baseline (1997-98) and during follow-up (2001-03) in two consecutive 24h urine specimens. Risk of hypertension (defined as BP =140/90 mmHg, or initiation of BP-lowering drugs) was studied in 5,511 normotensive subjects not using BP-lowering drugs at baseline. We used Cox proportional hazards regression analysis with time-dependent covariates. Results: Baseline median potassium excretion was 72 mmol/24h (Q1-Q3: 57-85 mmol/24h). During a median follow-up of 7.6 years (Q1-Q3: 5.0-9.3 years), 1172 subjects developed hypertension. We observed a nonlinear association between potassium excretion and risk of hypertension (P=0.005; Figure). This association was in such a way that the lowest sex-specific tertile of potassium excretion (men:
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|Event||American Heart Association's Epidemiology and Prevention/Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism 2014 Scientific Sessions, San Francisco, USA - |
Duration: 18 Mar 2014 → 21 Mar 2014
|Conference||American Heart Association's Epidemiology and Prevention/Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism 2014 Scientific Sessions, San Francisco, USA|
|Period||18/03/14 → 21/03/14|
Kieneker, L. M., Gansevoort, R. T., Feskens, E. J. M., Geleijnse, J. M., Navis, G., Bakker, S. J. L., & Joosten, M. M. (2014). Abstract MP24: Urinary Potassium Excretion and Risk of Developing Hypertension. Abstract from American Heart Association's Epidemiology and Prevention/Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism 2014 Scientific Sessions, San Francisco, USA, .