Above- and belowground overyielding are related at the community and species level in a grassland biodiversity experiment

Kathryn E. Barry, Alexandra Weigelt, Jasper van Ruijven, Hans de Kroon, Anne Ebeling, Nico Eisenhauer, Arthur Gessler, Janneke M. Ravenek, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Natalie J. Oram, Anja Vogel, Cameron Wagg, Liesje Mommer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plant species richness positively affects plant productivity both above- and belowground. While this suggests that they are related at the community level, few studies have calculated above- and belowground overyielding simultaneously. It thus remains unknown whether above- and belowground overyielding are correlated. Moreover, it is unknown how belowground community level overyielding translates to the species level. We investigated above- and belowground overyielding in the Jena Trait-Based Biodiversity Experiment, at both the community and species level and across two 8-species pools. We found that above- and belowground overyielding were positively correlated at the community level and at the species level—for seven out of the 13 investigated species. Some plant species performed better in mixtures compared to monocultures and others performed worse, but the majority did so simultaneously above- and belowground. However, plants invested more in aboveground overyielding than belowground. Based on this disproportional investment in overyielding aboveground, we conclude that light was more limiting than belowground resources in the present study, which requires individual species to compete more for light than for belowground resources.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Ecological Research
EditorsN. Eisenhauer, D.A. Bohan, A.J. Dumbrell
PublisherAcademic Press Inc.
Chapter2
Pages55-89
Number of pages15
Volume61
ISBN (Print)9780081029121
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameAdvances in Ecological Research
ISSN (Print)0065-2504

Fingerprint

grasslands
grassland
biodiversity
experiment
species pool
resource
monoculture
species diversity
species richness
productivity
plant species

Keywords

  • Biodiversity-ecosystem functioning
  • Biomass allocation
  • Functional diversity
  • Jena experiment
  • Light competition
  • Plant traits
  • Root biomass
  • Root:Shoot ratio
  • Shoot biomass
  • Species richness

Cite this

Barry, K. E., Weigelt, A., van Ruijven, J., de Kroon, H., Ebeling, A., Eisenhauer, N., ... Mommer, L. (2019). Above- and belowground overyielding are related at the community and species level in a grassland biodiversity experiment. In N. Eisenhauer, D. A. Bohan, & A. J. Dumbrell (Eds.), Advances in Ecological Research (Vol. 61, pp. 55-89). (Advances in Ecological Research). Academic Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.aecr.2019.05.001
Barry, Kathryn E. ; Weigelt, Alexandra ; van Ruijven, Jasper ; de Kroon, Hans ; Ebeling, Anne ; Eisenhauer, Nico ; Gessler, Arthur ; Ravenek, Janneke M. ; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael ; Oram, Natalie J. ; Vogel, Anja ; Wagg, Cameron ; Mommer, Liesje. / Above- and belowground overyielding are related at the community and species level in a grassland biodiversity experiment. Advances in Ecological Research. editor / N. Eisenhauer ; D.A. Bohan ; A.J. Dumbrell. Vol. 61 Academic Press Inc., 2019. pp. 55-89 (Advances in Ecological Research).
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abstract = "Plant species richness positively affects plant productivity both above- and belowground. While this suggests that they are related at the community level, few studies have calculated above- and belowground overyielding simultaneously. It thus remains unknown whether above- and belowground overyielding are correlated. Moreover, it is unknown how belowground community level overyielding translates to the species level. We investigated above- and belowground overyielding in the Jena Trait-Based Biodiversity Experiment, at both the community and species level and across two 8-species pools. We found that above- and belowground overyielding were positively correlated at the community level and at the species level—for seven out of the 13 investigated species. Some plant species performed better in mixtures compared to monocultures and others performed worse, but the majority did so simultaneously above- and belowground. However, plants invested more in aboveground overyielding than belowground. Based on this disproportional investment in overyielding aboveground, we conclude that light was more limiting than belowground resources in the present study, which requires individual species to compete more for light than for belowground resources.",
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author = "Barry, {Kathryn E.} and Alexandra Weigelt and {van Ruijven}, Jasper and {de Kroon}, Hans and Anne Ebeling and Nico Eisenhauer and Arthur Gessler and Ravenek, {Janneke M.} and Michael Scherer-Lorenzen and Oram, {Natalie J.} and Anja Vogel and Cameron Wagg and Liesje Mommer",
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Barry, KE, Weigelt, A, van Ruijven, J, de Kroon, H, Ebeling, A, Eisenhauer, N, Gessler, A, Ravenek, JM, Scherer-Lorenzen, M, Oram, NJ, Vogel, A, Wagg, C & Mommer, L 2019, Above- and belowground overyielding are related at the community and species level in a grassland biodiversity experiment. in N Eisenhauer, DA Bohan & AJ Dumbrell (eds), Advances in Ecological Research. vol. 61, Advances in Ecological Research, Academic Press Inc., pp. 55-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.aecr.2019.05.001

Above- and belowground overyielding are related at the community and species level in a grassland biodiversity experiment. / Barry, Kathryn E.; Weigelt, Alexandra; van Ruijven, Jasper; de Kroon, Hans; Ebeling, Anne; Eisenhauer, Nico; Gessler, Arthur; Ravenek, Janneke M.; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael; Oram, Natalie J.; Vogel, Anja; Wagg, Cameron; Mommer, Liesje.

Advances in Ecological Research. ed. / N. Eisenhauer; D.A. Bohan; A.J. Dumbrell. Vol. 61 Academic Press Inc., 2019. p. 55-89 (Advances in Ecological Research).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - Above- and belowground overyielding are related at the community and species level in a grassland biodiversity experiment

AU - Barry, Kathryn E.

AU - Weigelt, Alexandra

AU - van Ruijven, Jasper

AU - de Kroon, Hans

AU - Ebeling, Anne

AU - Eisenhauer, Nico

AU - Gessler, Arthur

AU - Ravenek, Janneke M.

AU - Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael

AU - Oram, Natalie J.

AU - Vogel, Anja

AU - Wagg, Cameron

AU - Mommer, Liesje

PY - 2019/7/15

Y1 - 2019/7/15

N2 - Plant species richness positively affects plant productivity both above- and belowground. While this suggests that they are related at the community level, few studies have calculated above- and belowground overyielding simultaneously. It thus remains unknown whether above- and belowground overyielding are correlated. Moreover, it is unknown how belowground community level overyielding translates to the species level. We investigated above- and belowground overyielding in the Jena Trait-Based Biodiversity Experiment, at both the community and species level and across two 8-species pools. We found that above- and belowground overyielding were positively correlated at the community level and at the species level—for seven out of the 13 investigated species. Some plant species performed better in mixtures compared to monocultures and others performed worse, but the majority did so simultaneously above- and belowground. However, plants invested more in aboveground overyielding than belowground. Based on this disproportional investment in overyielding aboveground, we conclude that light was more limiting than belowground resources in the present study, which requires individual species to compete more for light than for belowground resources.

AB - Plant species richness positively affects plant productivity both above- and belowground. While this suggests that they are related at the community level, few studies have calculated above- and belowground overyielding simultaneously. It thus remains unknown whether above- and belowground overyielding are correlated. Moreover, it is unknown how belowground community level overyielding translates to the species level. We investigated above- and belowground overyielding in the Jena Trait-Based Biodiversity Experiment, at both the community and species level and across two 8-species pools. We found that above- and belowground overyielding were positively correlated at the community level and at the species level—for seven out of the 13 investigated species. Some plant species performed better in mixtures compared to monocultures and others performed worse, but the majority did so simultaneously above- and belowground. However, plants invested more in aboveground overyielding than belowground. Based on this disproportional investment in overyielding aboveground, we conclude that light was more limiting than belowground resources in the present study, which requires individual species to compete more for light than for belowground resources.

KW - Biodiversity-ecosystem functioning

KW - Biomass allocation

KW - Functional diversity

KW - Jena experiment

KW - Light competition

KW - Plant traits

KW - Root biomass

KW - Root:Shoot ratio

KW - Shoot biomass

KW - Species richness

U2 - 10.1016/bs.aecr.2019.05.001

DO - 10.1016/bs.aecr.2019.05.001

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780081029121

VL - 61

T3 - Advances in Ecological Research

SP - 55

EP - 89

BT - Advances in Ecological Research

A2 - Eisenhauer, N.

A2 - Bohan, D.A.

A2 - Dumbrell, A.J.

PB - Academic Press Inc.

ER -

Barry KE, Weigelt A, van Ruijven J, de Kroon H, Ebeling A, Eisenhauer N et al. Above- and belowground overyielding are related at the community and species level in a grassland biodiversity experiment. In Eisenhauer N, Bohan DA, Dumbrell AJ, editors, Advances in Ecological Research. Vol. 61. Academic Press Inc. 2019. p. 55-89. (Advances in Ecological Research). https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.aecr.2019.05.001