A typology of farm households for the Umutara Province in Rwanda

J.C. Bidogeza, P.B.M. Berentsen, J. de Graaff, A.G.J.M. Oude Lansink

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

For nearly 30 years, technologies for more sustainable land use have been developed and promoted in Rwanda. However, these technologies have not been fully adopted. Keeping in mind that the farming population is not homogeneous with respect to socio-economic variables, this paper typifies farm households in Umutara province based on socio-economic factors influencing the adoption of new technology. A multivariate analysis approach that combines Principal Component Analysis and Cluster Analysis allowed us to identify clearly five types of farm households and their socio-economic characteristics. The main differences between the five farm types relate to gender, age, education, risk perception, risk attitude, labour availability, land tenure and income. The five farm types are characterized by respectively having a female head (26% of the farms), being a tenant (7%), having a male and literate head (32%), having an illiterate head with no off-farm activities (18%), and being a large farm with livestock (17%). The respective farm types appeared to have adopted different types of sustainable technologies to a limited extent. Female-headed households adopted the use of compost and green manure. Young male literate farmers were the only ones using chemical fertilizers. Illiterate and full-time farmers applied fallow, manure and erosion control measures to maintain soil fertility. The use of improved livestock is adopted by large farms.
LanguageEnglish
Pages321-335
JournalFood Security
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

farm typology
Rwanda
typology
households
farm
farms
sustainable technology
large farms
socioeconomic factors
Technology
Manure
Head
Economics
Livestock
livestock
farmers
land tenure
farmer
Soil
risk perception

Keywords

  • agricultural innovations
  • conservation practices
  • sustainable agriculture
  • technology adoption
  • cluster-analysis
  • systems
  • soil
  • management
  • model
  • classification

Cite this

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abstract = "For nearly 30 years, technologies for more sustainable land use have been developed and promoted in Rwanda. However, these technologies have not been fully adopted. Keeping in mind that the farming population is not homogeneous with respect to socio-economic variables, this paper typifies farm households in Umutara province based on socio-economic factors influencing the adoption of new technology. A multivariate analysis approach that combines Principal Component Analysis and Cluster Analysis allowed us to identify clearly five types of farm households and their socio-economic characteristics. The main differences between the five farm types relate to gender, age, education, risk perception, risk attitude, labour availability, land tenure and income. The five farm types are characterized by respectively having a female head (26{\%} of the farms), being a tenant (7{\%}), having a male and literate head (32{\%}), having an illiterate head with no off-farm activities (18{\%}), and being a large farm with livestock (17{\%}). The respective farm types appeared to have adopted different types of sustainable technologies to a limited extent. Female-headed households adopted the use of compost and green manure. Young male literate farmers were the only ones using chemical fertilizers. Illiterate and full-time farmers applied fallow, manure and erosion control measures to maintain soil fertility. The use of improved livestock is adopted by large farms.",
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A typology of farm households for the Umutara Province in Rwanda. / Bidogeza, J.C.; Berentsen, P.B.M.; de Graaff, J.; Oude Lansink, A.G.J.M.

In: Food Security, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2009, p. 321-335.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

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