A Tier 3 Method for Enteric Methane in Dairy Cows Applied for Fecal N Digestibility in the Ammonia Inventory

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The current inventory of N emission from cow excreta relies on fecal N digestibility data in Dutch feeding tables, assuming additivity of dietary ingredients to obtain diet values (CVB model). Alternatively, fecal N digestibility can be estimated by a dynamic, mechanistic model of digestion in the gastrointestinal tract, currently used as Tier 3 for enteric methane prediction in the Netherlands (Tier 3 model). Estimates of in situ rumen degradation characteristics for starch, neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and crude protein used as an input for the Tier 3 model were based on Dutch feeding tables (the protein evaluation system). Both methods were evaluated on independent dataset on fecal N digestibility that was constructed from peer-reviewed papers on N balance data for dairy cows published since 1999 (54 trials, 242 treatment means). Results indicate that observed apparent fecal N digestibility (67.0 ± 6.77%) was systematically over-predicted in particular by the CVB model (73.8 ± 4.35%) compared to the Tier 3 model (69.8 ± 4.52%). For the dataset including only observations from Dutch trials the observed fecal N digestibility (70.4 ± 7.33%) was also systematically over-predicted by the CVB model (76.4 ± 5.27%) but not by the Tier 3 model (69.7 ± 5.81%). Mixed model analysis with study as random factor indicated the slope of the regression between observed and predicted fecal N digestibility to be smaller than 1, in particular for the CVB model (CVB model slope varied between 0.405 and 0.560 and Tier 3 model slope between 0.418 and 0.657). The over-prediction by the CVB model with 6–7%-units of digestibility will lead to an over-predicted ammoniacal N excretion (urinary N) in the ammonia inventory, and biased estimation of N mitigating potential of nutritional measures. The present study demonstrates the benefit of using the Tier 3 model to predict the average level of apparent fecal N digestibility compared to the CVB model. The general estimates of in situ rumen degradation characteristics for starch, NDF and crude protein used as input for the Tier 3 model seemed applicable for the Dutch trials but less so for the non-Dutch trials.
Original languageEnglish
Article number66
Number of pages14
JournalFrontiers in Sustainable Food Systems
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2018

Fingerprint

methane
ammonia
dairy cows
digestibility
methodology
neutral detergent fiber
rumen
crude protein
starch
prediction
degradation
mechanistic models
excreta
peers
gastrointestinal system
Netherlands
ingredients
excretion
digestion

Keywords

  • models
  • Tier 3
  • dairy cows
  • nitrogen digestibility
  • Nitrogen excretion

Cite this

@article{5ee90ff520864f91ae84ac150fbf56f6,
title = "A Tier 3 Method for Enteric Methane in Dairy Cows Applied for Fecal N Digestibility in the Ammonia Inventory",
abstract = "The current inventory of N emission from cow excreta relies on fecal N digestibility data in Dutch feeding tables, assuming additivity of dietary ingredients to obtain diet values (CVB model). Alternatively, fecal N digestibility can be estimated by a dynamic, mechanistic model of digestion in the gastrointestinal tract, currently used as Tier 3 for enteric methane prediction in the Netherlands (Tier 3 model). Estimates of in situ rumen degradation characteristics for starch, neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and crude protein used as an input for the Tier 3 model were based on Dutch feeding tables (the protein evaluation system). Both methods were evaluated on independent dataset on fecal N digestibility that was constructed from peer-reviewed papers on N balance data for dairy cows published since 1999 (54 trials, 242 treatment means). Results indicate that observed apparent fecal N digestibility (67.0 ± 6.77{\%}) was systematically over-predicted in particular by the CVB model (73.8 ± 4.35{\%}) compared to the Tier 3 model (69.8 ± 4.52{\%}). For the dataset including only observations from Dutch trials the observed fecal N digestibility (70.4 ± 7.33{\%}) was also systematically over-predicted by the CVB model (76.4 ± 5.27{\%}) but not by the Tier 3 model (69.7 ± 5.81{\%}). Mixed model analysis with study as random factor indicated the slope of the regression between observed and predicted fecal N digestibility to be smaller than 1, in particular for the CVB model (CVB model slope varied between 0.405 and 0.560 and Tier 3 model slope between 0.418 and 0.657). The over-prediction by the CVB model with 6–7{\%}-units of digestibility will lead to an over-predicted ammoniacal N excretion (urinary N) in the ammonia inventory, and biased estimation of N mitigating potential of nutritional measures. The present study demonstrates the benefit of using the Tier 3 model to predict the average level of apparent fecal N digestibility compared to the CVB model. The general estimates of in situ rumen degradation characteristics for starch, NDF and crude protein used as input for the Tier 3 model seemed applicable for the Dutch trials but less so for the non-Dutch trials.",
keywords = "models, Tier 3, dairy cows, nitrogen digestibility, Nitrogen excretion",
author = "A. Bannink and J.W. Spek and J. Dijkstra and L.B. Sebek",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
day = "5",
doi = "10.3389/fsufs.2018.00066",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
journal = "Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems",
issn = "2571-581X",
publisher = "Frontiers",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Tier 3 Method for Enteric Methane in Dairy Cows Applied for Fecal N Digestibility in the Ammonia Inventory

AU - Bannink, A.

AU - Spek, J.W.

AU - Dijkstra, J.

AU - Sebek, L.B.

PY - 2018/11/5

Y1 - 2018/11/5

N2 - The current inventory of N emission from cow excreta relies on fecal N digestibility data in Dutch feeding tables, assuming additivity of dietary ingredients to obtain diet values (CVB model). Alternatively, fecal N digestibility can be estimated by a dynamic, mechanistic model of digestion in the gastrointestinal tract, currently used as Tier 3 for enteric methane prediction in the Netherlands (Tier 3 model). Estimates of in situ rumen degradation characteristics for starch, neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and crude protein used as an input for the Tier 3 model were based on Dutch feeding tables (the protein evaluation system). Both methods were evaluated on independent dataset on fecal N digestibility that was constructed from peer-reviewed papers on N balance data for dairy cows published since 1999 (54 trials, 242 treatment means). Results indicate that observed apparent fecal N digestibility (67.0 ± 6.77%) was systematically over-predicted in particular by the CVB model (73.8 ± 4.35%) compared to the Tier 3 model (69.8 ± 4.52%). For the dataset including only observations from Dutch trials the observed fecal N digestibility (70.4 ± 7.33%) was also systematically over-predicted by the CVB model (76.4 ± 5.27%) but not by the Tier 3 model (69.7 ± 5.81%). Mixed model analysis with study as random factor indicated the slope of the regression between observed and predicted fecal N digestibility to be smaller than 1, in particular for the CVB model (CVB model slope varied between 0.405 and 0.560 and Tier 3 model slope between 0.418 and 0.657). The over-prediction by the CVB model with 6–7%-units of digestibility will lead to an over-predicted ammoniacal N excretion (urinary N) in the ammonia inventory, and biased estimation of N mitigating potential of nutritional measures. The present study demonstrates the benefit of using the Tier 3 model to predict the average level of apparent fecal N digestibility compared to the CVB model. The general estimates of in situ rumen degradation characteristics for starch, NDF and crude protein used as input for the Tier 3 model seemed applicable for the Dutch trials but less so for the non-Dutch trials.

AB - The current inventory of N emission from cow excreta relies on fecal N digestibility data in Dutch feeding tables, assuming additivity of dietary ingredients to obtain diet values (CVB model). Alternatively, fecal N digestibility can be estimated by a dynamic, mechanistic model of digestion in the gastrointestinal tract, currently used as Tier 3 for enteric methane prediction in the Netherlands (Tier 3 model). Estimates of in situ rumen degradation characteristics for starch, neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and crude protein used as an input for the Tier 3 model were based on Dutch feeding tables (the protein evaluation system). Both methods were evaluated on independent dataset on fecal N digestibility that was constructed from peer-reviewed papers on N balance data for dairy cows published since 1999 (54 trials, 242 treatment means). Results indicate that observed apparent fecal N digestibility (67.0 ± 6.77%) was systematically over-predicted in particular by the CVB model (73.8 ± 4.35%) compared to the Tier 3 model (69.8 ± 4.52%). For the dataset including only observations from Dutch trials the observed fecal N digestibility (70.4 ± 7.33%) was also systematically over-predicted by the CVB model (76.4 ± 5.27%) but not by the Tier 3 model (69.7 ± 5.81%). Mixed model analysis with study as random factor indicated the slope of the regression between observed and predicted fecal N digestibility to be smaller than 1, in particular for the CVB model (CVB model slope varied between 0.405 and 0.560 and Tier 3 model slope between 0.418 and 0.657). The over-prediction by the CVB model with 6–7%-units of digestibility will lead to an over-predicted ammoniacal N excretion (urinary N) in the ammonia inventory, and biased estimation of N mitigating potential of nutritional measures. The present study demonstrates the benefit of using the Tier 3 model to predict the average level of apparent fecal N digestibility compared to the CVB model. The general estimates of in situ rumen degradation characteristics for starch, NDF and crude protein used as input for the Tier 3 model seemed applicable for the Dutch trials but less so for the non-Dutch trials.

KW - models

KW - Tier 3

KW - dairy cows

KW - nitrogen digestibility

KW - Nitrogen excretion

U2 - 10.3389/fsufs.2018.00066

DO - 10.3389/fsufs.2018.00066

M3 - Article

VL - 2

JO - Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems

JF - Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems

SN - 2571-581X

M1 - 66

ER -