A TaqMan PCR method for routine diagnosis of the quarantine fungus guignardia citricarpa on citrus fruit

M.P.E. van Gent-Pelzer, I.R. van Brouwershaven, L.F.F. Kox, P.J.M. Bonants

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    With respect to disease risk for the quarantine fungus Guignardia citricarpa on citrus fruit an accurate diagnosis for routine analysis is required. Also, when inspections have to be performed on imported citrus fruits, a fast detection method is urgently needed. A fast automated DNA extraction method based on magnetic beads combined with a real-time PCR assay was optimized to improve and advance the routine diagnosis of citrus black spot disease. Real-time PCR was used for detection of the pathogen G. citricarpa in planta. A specific primer/TaqMan probe combination that discriminates between G. citricarpa and the harmless citrus endophyte Guignardia mangiferae, was designed based on the internal transcribed spacer region of the multi-copy rDNA gene. Co-amplification of target DNA along with an internal competitor DNA fragment made the diagnostic assay more reliable to check for false negatives. The real-time PCR was specific, since no cross reaction was observed with a series of citrus pathogens and related species. The diagnostic assay was performed on lesions dissected from imported diseased oranges. Comparison between the conventional PCR and the real-time PCR methods showed that the TaqMan method was more sensitive.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)357-363
    JournalJournal of Phytopathology
    Volume155
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Keywords

    • real-time pcr
    • black spot fungus
    • quantitative pcr
    • dna extraction
    • mangiferae
    • endophyte
    • plants
    • detect

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