A systematic global stocktake of evidence on human adaptation to climate change

Lea Berrang-Ford*, A.R. Siders, Alexandra Lesnikowski, Alexandra Paige Fischer, Max W. Callaghan, Neal R. Haddaway, Katharine J. Mach, Malcolm Araos, Mohammad Aminur Rahman Shah, Mia Wannewitz, Deepal Doshi, Timo Leiter, Custodio Matavel, Justice Issah Musah-Surugu, Gabrielle Wong-Parodi, Philip Antwi-Agyei, Idowu Ajibade, Neha Chauhan, William Kakenmaster, Caitlin GradyVasiliki I. Chalastani, Kripa Jagannathan, Eranga K. Galappaththi, Asha Sitati, Giulia Scarpa, Edmond Totin, Katy Davis, Nikita Charles Hamilton, Christine J. Kirchhoff, Praveen Kumar, Brian Pentz, Nicholas P. Simpson, Emily Theokritoff, Delphine Deryng, Diana Reckien, Carol Zavaleta-Cortijo, Nicola Ulibarri, Alcade C. Segnon, Vhalinavho Khavhagali, Yuanyuan Shang, Luckson Zvobgo, Zinta Zommers, Jiren Xu, Portia Adade Williams, Ivan Villaverde Canosa, Nicole van Maanen, Bianca van Bavel, Maarten van Aalst, Lynée L. Turek-Hankins, Hasti Trivedi, Christopher H. Trisos, Adelle Thomas, Shinny Thakur, Sienna Templeman, Lindsay C. Stringer, Garry Sotnik, Kathryn Dana Sjostrom, Chandni Singh, Mariella Z. Siña, Roopam Shukla, Jordi Sardans, Eunice A. Salubi, Lolita S. Safaee Chalkasra, Raquel Ruiz-Díaz, Carys Richards, Pratik Pokharel, Jan Petzold, Josep Penuelas, Julia Pelaez Avila, Julia B. Pazmino Murillo, Souha Ouni, Jennifer Niemann, Miriam Nielsen, Mark New, Patricia N. Schwerdtle, Gabriela Nagle Alverio, Cristina A. Mullin, Joshua Mullenite, Anuszka Mosurska, Mike D. Morecroft, Jan C. Minx, Gina Maskell, Abraham Marshall Nunbogu, Alexandre K. Magnan, Shuaib Lwasa, Megan Lukas-Sithole, Tabea Lissner, Oliver Lilford, Steven F. Koller, Matthew Jurjonas, Elphin T. Joe, Lam T.M. Huynh, Avery Hill, Rebecca R. Hernandez, Greeshma Hegde, Tom Hawxwell, Sherilee Harper, Alexandra Harden, Marjolijn Haasnoot, Elisabeth A. Gilmore, Leah Gichuki, Alyssa Gatt, Matthias Garschagen, James D. Ford, Andrew Forbes, Aidan D. Farrell, Carolyn A.F. Enquist, Susan Elliott, Emily Duncan, Erin Coughlan de Perez, Shaugn Coggins, Tara Chen, Donovan Campbell, Katherine E. Browne, Kathryn J. Bowen, Robbert Biesbroek, Indra D. Bhatt, Rachel Bezner Kerr, Stephanie L. Barr, Emily Baker, Stephanie E. Austin, Ingrid Arotoma-Rojas, Christa Anderson, Warda Ajaz, Tanvi Agrawal, Thelma Zulfawu Abu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Assessing global progress on human adaptation to climate change is an urgent priority. Although the literature on adaptation to climate change is rapidly expanding, little is known about the actual extent of implementation. We systematically screened >48,000 articles using machine learning methods and a global network of 126 researchers. Our synthesis of the resulting 1,682 articles presents a systematic and comprehensive global stocktake of implemented human adaptation to climate change. Documented adaptations were largely fragmented, local and incremental, with limited evidence of transformational adaptation and negligible evidence of risk reduction outcomes. We identify eight priorities for global adaptation research: assess the effectiveness of adaptation responses, enhance the understanding of limits to adaptation, enable individuals and civil society to adapt, include missing places, scholars and scholarship, understand private sector responses, improve methods for synthesizing different forms of evidence, assess the adaptation at different temperature thresholds, and improve the inclusion of timescale and the dynamics of responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)989-1003
JournalNature Climate Change
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2021

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