Directive 2002/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 May 2002 on undesirable substances in animal feed lists a range of substances from botanical origin (weed seeds) and additionally some chemical compounds directly originating from specific weeds. In order to examine the actual status of enforcement and of the present Occurrence of these botanical substances, a survey was carried out. A questionnaire was sent to 103 laboratories, including official control labs from all member states of the European Union. The results, indicating the frequency of occurrence as far as reported, are compared to the publications of the EU Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF). A total of 44 questionnaires was returned (42.7%) from 22 member states. Ten member states predominantly from north-western Europe appeared to have an active monitoring of botanical undesirable substances. The questionnaire results did not indicate that the other member states enforce this part of Directive 2002/32/EC. Reports on the frequency of occurrence include: a few to 25-50% of the samples contain traces of ergot (8 member states), a few to 24% contain at least sonic traces of thorn apple (6 member states), zero to 17% contain sonic castor oil plant seeds (3 member states), zero to a few samples contain Crotalaria seeds (3 member states), and zero to 6% contain traces of Sareptian mustard (4 member states). One member state conducted extra Surveillance since several cases of animal intoxications have been reported. In some cases a coincidence with undesirable botanical Substances was found.
|Journal||Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Enviroment|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|