A simplified model to predict diurnal water temperature dynamics in a shallow tropical water pool

K.P. Paaijmans, B.G. Heusinkveld, A.F.G. Jacobs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water temperature is a critical regulator in the growth and development of malaria mosquito immatures, as they are poikilothermic. Measuring or estimating the diurnal temperature ranges to which these immatures are exposed is of the utmost importance, as these immatures will develop into adults that can transmit malaria. Recent attempts to predict the daily water temperature dynamics in mosquito breeding sites in Kenya have been successful. However, the developed model may be too complex, as the sophisticated equipment that was used for detailed meteorological observations is not widely distributed in Africa, making it difficult to predict the daily water temperature dynamics on a local scale. Therefore, we compared two energy budget models with earlier made observations of the daily water temperature dynamics in a small, shallow and clear water pool (diameter 0.96 m, depth 0.32 m) in Kenya. This paper describes (1) a complex 1-Dimensional model, and (2) a simplified second model, and (3) shows that both models mimic the water temperature dynamics in the water pool accurately. The latter model has the advantage that it only needs common weather data (air temperature, air humidity, wind speed and cloud cover) to estimate the diurnal temperature dynamics in breeding sites of African malaria
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797-803
JournalInternational Journal of Biometeorology
Volume52
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • anopheles-gambiae
  • body
  • fluctuations
  • size

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