A safe operating space for humanity

J. Rockström, W. Steffen, K. Noone, M. Scheffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4855 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New approach proposed for defining preconditions for human development Crossing certain biophysical thresholds could have disastrous consequences for humanity Three of nine interlinked planetary boundaries have already been overstepped
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)472-475
JournalNature
Volume461
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • social-ecological systems
  • human impact
  • biodiversity
  • climate
  • perspective
  • resilience
  • consequences
  • ecosystems
  • phosphorus
  • shifts

Cite this

Rockström, J., Steffen, W., Noone, K., & Scheffer, M. (2009). A safe operating space for humanity. Nature, 461, 472-475. https://doi.org/10.1038/461472a