A review of RT-PCR technologies used in veterinary virology and disease control: sensitive and specific diagnosis of five livestock diseases notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health

B. Hoffmann, M. Beer, S.M. Reid, P. Mertens, C.A.L. Oura, P.A. van Rijn, M.J. Slomka, J. Banks, I.H. Brown, D.J. Alexander, D.P. King

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    131 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Real-time, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) has become one of the most widely used methods in the field of molecular diagnostics and research. The potential of this format to provide sensitive, specific and swift detection and quantification of viral RNAs has made it an indispensable tool for state-of-the-art diagnostics of important human and animal viral pathogens. Integration of these assays into automated liquid handling platforms for nucleic acid extraction increases the rate and standardisation of sample throughput and decreases the potential for cross-contamination. The reliability of these assays can be further enhanced by using internal controls to validate test results. Based on these advantageous characteristics, numerous robust rRT-PCRs systems have been developed and validated for important epizootic diseases of livestock. Here, we review the rRT-PCR assays that have been developed for the detection of five RNA viruses that cause diseases that are notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), namely: foot-and-mouth disease, classical swine fever, bluetongue disease, avian influenza and Newcastle disease. The performance of these tests for viral diagnostics and disease control and prospects for improved strategies in the future are discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-23
    JournalVeterinary Microbiology
    Volume139
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Keywords

    • polymerase-chain-reaction
    • foot-and-mouth
    • classical-swine-fever
    • real-time pcr
    • reverse-transcription-pcr
    • avian influenza-viruses
    • resonance energy-transfer
    • hog-cholera virus
    • internal positive control
    • mediated isothermal amplification

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