A Review of Analytical Methods for the Identification and Characterization of Nano Delivery Systems in Food

D.M.A.M. Luykx, R.J.B. Peters, S.M. van Ruth, H. Bouwmeester

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    192 Citations (Scopus)


    Detection and characterization of nano delivery systems is an essential part of understanding the benefits as well as the potential toxicity of these systems in food. This review gives a detailed description of food nano delivery systems based on lipids, proteins, and/or polysaccharides and investigates the current analytical techniques that can be used for the identification and characterization of these delivery systems in food products. The analytical approaches have been subdivided into three groups; separation techniques, imaging techniques, and characterization techniques. The principles of the techniques together with their advantages and drawbacks, and reported applications concerning nano delivery systems, or otherwise related compounds are discussed. The review shows that for a sufficient characterization, the nano delivery systems need to be separated from the food matrix, for which high-performance liquid chromatography or field flow fractionation are the most promising techniques. Subsequently, online photon correlation spectroscopy and mass spectrometry seem to be a convenient combination of techniques to characterize a wide variety of nano delivery systems
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)8231-8247
    JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
    Issue number18
    Publication statusPublished - 2008


    • desorption electrospray-ionization
    • field-flow-fractionation
    • mobility-mass-spectrometry
    • photon-correlation spectroscopy
    • thin-layer-chromatography
    • solid lipid nanoparticles
    • atomic-force microscopy
    • small-angle scattering
    • protamine-oligonucleotide-nan


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