A relationship between seed development, Arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs) and the AGP mediated promotion of somatic embryogenesis

A.J. van Hengel, A. van Kammen, S.C. de Vries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Arabinogalactan-protein (AGP) epitopes are known to display developmentally regulated patterns of expression in several plant tissues. Therefore, AGPs have been suggested to play a role in plant development. Somatic embryogenesis is regulated by AGPs as well as by EP3 endochitinases. Using four different methods we have analysed the composition of AGPs in immature carrot seeds. The results obtained show that: (1) the native electrophoretic mobility of such AGPs changes during development; (2) AGP epitopes in immature seeds are developmentally regulated; (3) enzymatically released fragments of AGPs show that the composition of these molecules changes as a function of development; and (4) the biological activity of AGPs on the formation of somatic embryos changes depending on the age of the seeds. Our results suggest that degradation of maternally derived AGPs occurs after fertilization, while cellularization of the endosperm leads to synthesis of a new set of AGPs. The presence of an endochitinase cleavage site as well as the capacity to increase somatic embryogenesis only occurred in AGPs that were isolated from seeds in which the endosperm had been cellularized. Apparently, both EP3 endochitinases and somatic embryogenesis-promoting AGPs are developmentally regulated in immature carrot seeds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-644
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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arabinogalactan proteins
seed development
somatic embryogenesis
Embryonic Development
Seeds
seeds
Endosperm
Daucus carota
immatures
carrots
epitopes
endosperm
Epitopes
Chitinases
Plant Development
somatic embryos
Fertilization
plant development
plant tissues
bioactive properties

Cite this

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title = "A relationship between seed development, Arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs) and the AGP mediated promotion of somatic embryogenesis",
abstract = "Arabinogalactan-protein (AGP) epitopes are known to display developmentally regulated patterns of expression in several plant tissues. Therefore, AGPs have been suggested to play a role in plant development. Somatic embryogenesis is regulated by AGPs as well as by EP3 endochitinases. Using four different methods we have analysed the composition of AGPs in immature carrot seeds. The results obtained show that: (1) the native electrophoretic mobility of such AGPs changes during development; (2) AGP epitopes in immature seeds are developmentally regulated; (3) enzymatically released fragments of AGPs show that the composition of these molecules changes as a function of development; and (4) the biological activity of AGPs on the formation of somatic embryos changes depending on the age of the seeds. Our results suggest that degradation of maternally derived AGPs occurs after fertilization, while cellularization of the endosperm leads to synthesis of a new set of AGPs. The presence of an endochitinase cleavage site as well as the capacity to increase somatic embryogenesis only occurred in AGPs that were isolated from seeds in which the endosperm had been cellularized. Apparently, both EP3 endochitinases and somatic embryogenesis-promoting AGPs are developmentally regulated in immature carrot seeds.",
author = "{van Hengel}, A.J. and {van Kammen}, A. and {de Vries}, S.C.",
year = "2002",
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language = "English",
volume = "114",
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journal = "Physiologia Plantarum",
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A relationship between seed development, Arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs) and the AGP mediated promotion of somatic embryogenesis. / van Hengel, A.J.; van Kammen, A.; de Vries, S.C.

In: Physiologia Plantarum, Vol. 114, 2002, p. 637-644.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - van Kammen, A.

AU - de Vries, S.C.

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - Arabinogalactan-protein (AGP) epitopes are known to display developmentally regulated patterns of expression in several plant tissues. Therefore, AGPs have been suggested to play a role in plant development. Somatic embryogenesis is regulated by AGPs as well as by EP3 endochitinases. Using four different methods we have analysed the composition of AGPs in immature carrot seeds. The results obtained show that: (1) the native electrophoretic mobility of such AGPs changes during development; (2) AGP epitopes in immature seeds are developmentally regulated; (3) enzymatically released fragments of AGPs show that the composition of these molecules changes as a function of development; and (4) the biological activity of AGPs on the formation of somatic embryos changes depending on the age of the seeds. Our results suggest that degradation of maternally derived AGPs occurs after fertilization, while cellularization of the endosperm leads to synthesis of a new set of AGPs. The presence of an endochitinase cleavage site as well as the capacity to increase somatic embryogenesis only occurred in AGPs that were isolated from seeds in which the endosperm had been cellularized. Apparently, both EP3 endochitinases and somatic embryogenesis-promoting AGPs are developmentally regulated in immature carrot seeds.

AB - Arabinogalactan-protein (AGP) epitopes are known to display developmentally regulated patterns of expression in several plant tissues. Therefore, AGPs have been suggested to play a role in plant development. Somatic embryogenesis is regulated by AGPs as well as by EP3 endochitinases. Using four different methods we have analysed the composition of AGPs in immature carrot seeds. The results obtained show that: (1) the native electrophoretic mobility of such AGPs changes during development; (2) AGP epitopes in immature seeds are developmentally regulated; (3) enzymatically released fragments of AGPs show that the composition of these molecules changes as a function of development; and (4) the biological activity of AGPs on the formation of somatic embryos changes depending on the age of the seeds. Our results suggest that degradation of maternally derived AGPs occurs after fertilization, while cellularization of the endosperm leads to synthesis of a new set of AGPs. The presence of an endochitinase cleavage site as well as the capacity to increase somatic embryogenesis only occurred in AGPs that were isolated from seeds in which the endosperm had been cellularized. Apparently, both EP3 endochitinases and somatic embryogenesis-promoting AGPs are developmentally regulated in immature carrot seeds.

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