A reality check on the landscape approach to REDD+: Lessons from Latin America

M.G. Bastos Lima, I.J. Visseren-Hamakers, J. Braña-Varela, A. Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Developing and institutionalizing cross-sectoral approaches to sustainable land use remains a crucial, yet politically contested, objective in global sustainability governance. There is a widely acknowledged need for more integrated
approaches to sustainable land use that reconcile multiple landscape functions, sectors and stakeholders. However, this faces a number of challenges in practice, including the lack of policy coherence and institutional conflicts across agricultural and forest sectors. In this context, the global climate change mitigation mechanismof “reducing emissions fromdeforestation and forest degradation” (REDD+) has been flagged as a unique opportunity to stimulate the development and institutionalization of more integrated, “landscape” approaches
to sustainable land use. In this article, we provide a reality check for the prospects of REDD+to deliver on this promise, through analyzing three pioneer cases of REDD+ development and implementation in Brazil, Ecuador, and Mexico. We analyze how REDD+ has operated in each of these three contexts, based on field work, key-informant interviews, and analysis of primary and secondary documents. Our findings suggest that REDD+has stimulated development of “niche” sustainable land-use investments in each case, which aim to integrate
forest conservation and agricultural development goals, but has done so while competing with businessas-usual incentives. We conclude that national and international political commitment to more integrated and sustainable land-use approaches is a precondition for, rather than a result of, transformative REDD+
interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-20
JournalForest Policy and Economics
Volume78
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Latin America
land use
multiple land use
governance
Ecuador
stakeholders
agricultural development
political activity
interviews
niches
institutionalization
Mexico
fieldwork
climate change
global climate
niche
incentive
stakeholder
Brazil
conservation

Cite this

Bastos Lima, M.G. ; Visseren-Hamakers, I.J. ; Braña-Varela, J. ; Gupta, A. / A reality check on the landscape approach to REDD+: Lessons from Latin America. In: Forest Policy and Economics. 2017 ; Vol. 78. pp. 10-20.
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A reality check on the landscape approach to REDD+: Lessons from Latin America. / Bastos Lima, M.G.; Visseren-Hamakers, I.J.; Braña-Varela, J.; Gupta, A.

In: Forest Policy and Economics, Vol. 78, 2017, p. 10-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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