The literature on the theory of public goods is voluminous. This chapter provides an overview of public goods related to rural amenities. Many of these amenities tend to be non-exclusive and rival (e.g. forests and irrigation systems), exclusive and subject to some rivalry (e.g. nature reserves) or non-exclusive and non-rival (e.g. scenic views and clean air and water). Many beneficiaries of these amenities choose not to pay and will free ride on the efforts and activities of others (such as farmers and agro-foresters). This can present a problem for provision. Hence, rural amenities require collective action to be properly and efficiently provided since the logic of individual interests results in a socially less than optimum response.
|Title of host publication||EU Bioeconomy Economics and Policies|
|Editors||L. Dries, W. Heijman, R. Jongeneel, K. Purnhagen, J. Wesseler|
|Place of Publication||Cham|
|Publication status||Published - 29 Nov 2019|
|Name||Palgrave Advances in Bioeconomy: Economics and Policies|
van der Heide, M., & Heijman, W. (2019). A Public Good Perspective on the Rural Environment: Theory and History. In L. Dries, W. Heijman, R. Jongeneel, K. Purnhagen, & J. Wesseler (Eds.), EU Bioeconomy Economics and Policies (pp. 93-128). (Palgrave Advances in Bioeconomy: Economics and Policies). Palgrave. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28642-2_7