A novel method for viability enumeration for single-droplet drying of Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1

J.A. Perdana, L.A. Bereschenko, M. Roghair, M.B. Fox, R.M. Boom, M. Kleerebezem, M.A.I. Schutyser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Survival of probiotic bacteria during drying is not trivial. Survival percentages are very specific for each probiotic strain and can be improved by careful selection of drying conditions and proper drying carrier formulation. An experimental approach is presented, comprising a single-droplet drying method and a subsequent novel screening methodology, to assess the microbial viability within single particles. The drying method involves the drying of a single droplet deposited on a flat, hydrophobic surface under well-defined drying conditions and carrier formulations. Semidried or dried particles were subjected to rehydration, fluorescence staining, and live/dead enumeration using fluorescence microscopy. The novel screening methodology provided accurate survival percentages in line with conventional plating enumeration and was evaluated in single-droplet drying experiments with Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 as a model probiotic strain. Parameters such as bulk air temperatures and the carrier matrices (glucose, trehalose, and maltodextrin DE 6) were varied. Following the experimental approach, the influence on the viability as a function of the drying history could be monitored. Finally, the applicability of the novel viability assessment was demonstrated for samples obtained from drying experiments at a larger scale.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8082-8088
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • acid starter cultures
  • industrial applications
  • comparative survival
  • phase-transitions
  • probiotics
  • microorganisms
  • mechanisms
  • diversity
  • bacteria
  • microencapsulation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A novel method for viability enumeration for single-droplet drying of Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this