In a mapping population derived from the Ethiopian barley line L94 x Vada, natural infection by barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) occurred. While line L94 hardly showed symptoms, Vada was severely affected. The 103 recombinant inbred lines segregated bimodally. The major gene responsible for this resistance mapped to chromosome 6H. We propose to name the locus Ryd3. A subset of recombinant inbred lines, L94, and Vada were planted in a subsequent field test which confirmed the previous field observations. Double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (DAS-ELISA) indicated that the epidemic was due to a combination of the serotypes BYDV-PAV and BYDV-MAV. In the accessions with the least BYDV symptoms no virus was detected, justifying the consideration of the gene as conferring true resistance rather than tolerance to these viruses. In a laboratory/gauze house trial a near-isogenic line carrying the Vada chromosome 6H fragment in an L94 background was affected as much as Vada. The effect of Ryd3 was quantified, and compared with that of the only other known major gene for resistance to BYDV, Ryd2, which is also of Ethiopian origin and is located on chromosome 3H. Both genes seemed to reduce the chance of the viral isolate used in this study to establish infection. In plants in which it became established, the virus concentration reached a similar level as in susceptible accessions, but with less dramatic symptom development. Inoculated plants in which the virus failed to multiply tended to show an increase in the number of ears per plant, resulting in higher grain yield per plant. Ryd3 co-segregates with several PCR-based molecular markers that may serve for marker assisted selection.
- leaf rust
- yd2 gene
- cultivar chikurin-ibaraki-1
Niks, R. E., Habekuss, A., Bekele, B., & Ordon, F. (2004). A novel major gene on chromosome 6H for resistance of barley against the barley yellow dwarf virus. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 109(7), 1536-1543. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-004-1777-7