A new silverleaf inducing biotype of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Ms, indigenous for the islands of the South West Indian Ocean

H. Delatte, B. Reynaud, M. Granier, L. Thornary, J.W.M. van Lent, R.W. Goldbach, M. Peterschmitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

79 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Following the first detection of tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) from Réunion (700 km east of Madagascar) in 1997 and the upsurge of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) on vegetable crops, two genetic types of B. tabaci were distinguished using RAPD¿PCR and cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene sequence comparisons. One type was assigned to biotype B and the other was genetically dissimilar to the populations described elsewhere and was named Ms, after the Mascarenes Archipelago. This new genetic type forms a distinct group that is sister to two other groups, one to which the B biotype is a member and one to which the Q biotype belongs. The Ms biotype is thought to be indigenous to the region as it was also detected in Mauritius, the Seychelles and Madagascar. Both B and Ms populations of B. tabaci induced silverleaf symptoms on Cucurbita sp., and were able to acquire and transmit TYLCV. Taken together these results indicate that the Ms genetic type should be considered a new biotype of B. tabaci
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-35
JournalBulletin of Entomological Research
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • gennadius hemiptera
  • species complex
  • sweet-potato
  • b-biotype
  • populations
  • dna
  • whiteflies
  • patterns
  • regions
  • trees

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