A new method to study simple shear processing of wheat gluten-starch mixtures

S.H. Peighambardoust, A.J. van der Goot, R.J. Hamer, R.M. Boom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article introduces a new method that uses a shearing device to study the effect of simple shear on the overall properties of pasta-like products made from commercial wheat gluten-starch (GS) blends. The shear-processed GS samples had a lower cooking loss (CL) and a higher swelling index (SI) than unprocessed materials, suggesting the presence of a gluten phase surrounding starch granules. Pictures of dough microstructure by confocal scanning laser microscopy (CSLM) showed the distribution of proteins in the shear-processed samples. This study revealed that simple shear processing could result in a product with relevant cooking properties as compared with those of commercial pasta. Increasing gluten content in GS mixtures led to a decrease in CL and an increase in maximum cutting stress of processed samples, whereas no clear correlation was found for SI values of sheared products. It was concluded that the new shearing device is unique in its capability to study the effect of pure shear deformation on dough development and properties at mechanical energy and shear stress levels relevant to industrial processing techniques like pasta extrusion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)714-721
JournalCereal Chemistry
Volume81
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • rheological properties
  • thermomechanical treatment
  • large deformations
  • dough
  • quality
  • flour
  • pasta
  • spaghetti
  • behavior
  • microstructure

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