A new method to observe one minute interval Water vapor and Carbon-dioxide fluxes using Scintillometry and scalar turbulence measurements

A.J.H. van Kesteren, O.K. Hartogensis, D. van Dinther, A.F. Moene, A. Graf, A.A.M. Holtslag

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademic

Abstract

The goal of this study is to test an alternative method for determining turbulent H2O and CO2 fluxes, which has a faster statistical convergence than the classical eddy-covariance method. This enables determining turbulent fluxes during strongly non-stationary conditions, e.g. in the intermittent stable boundary layer or rapidly changing cloud-cover. In our new method, we suggest a hybrid setup that combines a point-sensor for scalar H2O and CO2 with a dual-beam laser scintillometer (DBLS). We used a LiCor7500 open-path fast-response H2O/CO2 sensor. The H2O/CO2 sensor forms the basis for estimating the turbulent exchange scale for H2O and CO2. The DBLS yields the friction velocity and stability. The data presented were gathered in May-June 2009 over a wheat field near Merken, Germany in the framework of the TransRegio32 program. With the DBLS installed in homogeneous areas, turbulence is averaged both in time and space, allowing short averaging flux intervals down to a couple of seconds. When determining the averaging-time-dependent systematic and random errors in the H2O and CO2 fluxes, we found that eddy-covariance is not apt to measure 1-minute averaged fluxes, whereas our new method is. Even for 1-minute averaging intervals, our new method does not have a averaging-time-dependent systematic error and the random error is only halve that of the eddy-covariance method. Thus, we demonstrate that our new method reproduces reliable estimates of H2O and CO2 fluxes for 1-minute averaging intervals and show that not only individual plants, but also at field scales wheat responds rapidly to changes in solar radiation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA
PublisherAmerican Meteorological Society
Pages6B.1
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction - Boston, United States
Duration: 9 Jul 201213 Jul 2012

Conference

Conference20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period9/07/1213/07/12

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water vapor
carbon dioxide
turbulence
eddy covariance
laser
sensor
wheat
method
cloud cover
solar radiation
friction
boundary layer

Cite this

van Kesteren, A. J. H., Hartogensis, O. K., van Dinther, D., Moene, A. F., Graf, A., & Holtslag, A. A. M. (2012). A new method to observe one minute interval Water vapor and Carbon-dioxide fluxes using Scintillometry and scalar turbulence measurements. In Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA (pp. 6B.1). American Meteorological Society.
van Kesteren, A.J.H. ; Hartogensis, O.K. ; van Dinther, D. ; Moene, A.F. ; Graf, A. ; Holtslag, A.A.M. / A new method to observe one minute interval Water vapor and Carbon-dioxide fluxes using Scintillometry and scalar turbulence measurements. Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA. American Meteorological Society, 2012. pp. 6B.1
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abstract = "The goal of this study is to test an alternative method for determining turbulent H2O and CO2 fluxes, which has a faster statistical convergence than the classical eddy-covariance method. This enables determining turbulent fluxes during strongly non-stationary conditions, e.g. in the intermittent stable boundary layer or rapidly changing cloud-cover. In our new method, we suggest a hybrid setup that combines a point-sensor for scalar H2O and CO2 with a dual-beam laser scintillometer (DBLS). We used a LiCor7500 open-path fast-response H2O/CO2 sensor. The H2O/CO2 sensor forms the basis for estimating the turbulent exchange scale for H2O and CO2. The DBLS yields the friction velocity and stability. The data presented were gathered in May-June 2009 over a wheat field near Merken, Germany in the framework of the TransRegio32 program. With the DBLS installed in homogeneous areas, turbulence is averaged both in time and space, allowing short averaging flux intervals down to a couple of seconds. When determining the averaging-time-dependent systematic and random errors in the H2O and CO2 fluxes, we found that eddy-covariance is not apt to measure 1-minute averaged fluxes, whereas our new method is. Even for 1-minute averaging intervals, our new method does not have a averaging-time-dependent systematic error and the random error is only halve that of the eddy-covariance method. Thus, we demonstrate that our new method reproduces reliable estimates of H2O and CO2 fluxes for 1-minute averaging intervals and show that not only individual plants, but also at field scales wheat responds rapidly to changes in solar radiation.",
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year = "2012",
language = "English",
pages = "6B.1",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA",
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van Kesteren, AJH, Hartogensis, OK, van Dinther, D, Moene, AF, Graf, A & Holtslag, AAM 2012, A new method to observe one minute interval Water vapor and Carbon-dioxide fluxes using Scintillometry and scalar turbulence measurements. in Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA. American Meteorological Society, pp. 6B.1, 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, Boston, United States, 9/07/12.

A new method to observe one minute interval Water vapor and Carbon-dioxide fluxes using Scintillometry and scalar turbulence measurements. / van Kesteren, A.J.H.; Hartogensis, O.K.; van Dinther, D.; Moene, A.F.; Graf, A.; Holtslag, A.A.M.

Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA. American Meteorological Society, 2012. p. 6B.1.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademic

TY - GEN

T1 - A new method to observe one minute interval Water vapor and Carbon-dioxide fluxes using Scintillometry and scalar turbulence measurements

AU - van Kesteren, A.J.H.

AU - Hartogensis, O.K.

AU - van Dinther, D.

AU - Moene, A.F.

AU - Graf, A.

AU - Holtslag, A.A.M.

PY - 2012

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N2 - The goal of this study is to test an alternative method for determining turbulent H2O and CO2 fluxes, which has a faster statistical convergence than the classical eddy-covariance method. This enables determining turbulent fluxes during strongly non-stationary conditions, e.g. in the intermittent stable boundary layer or rapidly changing cloud-cover. In our new method, we suggest a hybrid setup that combines a point-sensor for scalar H2O and CO2 with a dual-beam laser scintillometer (DBLS). We used a LiCor7500 open-path fast-response H2O/CO2 sensor. The H2O/CO2 sensor forms the basis for estimating the turbulent exchange scale for H2O and CO2. The DBLS yields the friction velocity and stability. The data presented were gathered in May-June 2009 over a wheat field near Merken, Germany in the framework of the TransRegio32 program. With the DBLS installed in homogeneous areas, turbulence is averaged both in time and space, allowing short averaging flux intervals down to a couple of seconds. When determining the averaging-time-dependent systematic and random errors in the H2O and CO2 fluxes, we found that eddy-covariance is not apt to measure 1-minute averaged fluxes, whereas our new method is. Even for 1-minute averaging intervals, our new method does not have a averaging-time-dependent systematic error and the random error is only halve that of the eddy-covariance method. Thus, we demonstrate that our new method reproduces reliable estimates of H2O and CO2 fluxes for 1-minute averaging intervals and show that not only individual plants, but also at field scales wheat responds rapidly to changes in solar radiation.

AB - The goal of this study is to test an alternative method for determining turbulent H2O and CO2 fluxes, which has a faster statistical convergence than the classical eddy-covariance method. This enables determining turbulent fluxes during strongly non-stationary conditions, e.g. in the intermittent stable boundary layer or rapidly changing cloud-cover. In our new method, we suggest a hybrid setup that combines a point-sensor for scalar H2O and CO2 with a dual-beam laser scintillometer (DBLS). We used a LiCor7500 open-path fast-response H2O/CO2 sensor. The H2O/CO2 sensor forms the basis for estimating the turbulent exchange scale for H2O and CO2. The DBLS yields the friction velocity and stability. The data presented were gathered in May-June 2009 over a wheat field near Merken, Germany in the framework of the TransRegio32 program. With the DBLS installed in homogeneous areas, turbulence is averaged both in time and space, allowing short averaging flux intervals down to a couple of seconds. When determining the averaging-time-dependent systematic and random errors in the H2O and CO2 fluxes, we found that eddy-covariance is not apt to measure 1-minute averaged fluxes, whereas our new method is. Even for 1-minute averaging intervals, our new method does not have a averaging-time-dependent systematic error and the random error is only halve that of the eddy-covariance method. Thus, we demonstrate that our new method reproduces reliable estimates of H2O and CO2 fluxes for 1-minute averaging intervals and show that not only individual plants, but also at field scales wheat responds rapidly to changes in solar radiation.

M3 - Conference paper

SP - 6B.1

BT - Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA

PB - American Meteorological Society

ER -

van Kesteren AJH, Hartogensis OK, van Dinther D, Moene AF, Graf A, Holtslag AAM. A new method to observe one minute interval Water vapor and Carbon-dioxide fluxes using Scintillometry and scalar turbulence measurements. In Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA. American Meteorological Society. 2012. p. 6B.1