Pseudomonas putida is a microbial chassis of huge potential for industrial and environmental biotechnology, owing to its remarkable metabolic versatility and ability to sustain difficult redox reactions and operational stresses, among other attractive characteristics. A wealth of genetic and in silico tools have been developed to enable the unravelling of its physiology and improvement of its performance. However, the rise of this microbe as a promising platform for biotechnological applications has resulted in diversification of tools and methods rather than standardization and convergence. As a consequence, multiple tools for the same purpose have been generated, whilst most of them have not been embraced by the scientific community, which has led to compartmentalization and inefficient use of resources. Inspired by this and by the substantial increase in popularity of P. putida, we aim herein to bring together and assess all currently available (wet and dry) synthetic biology tools specific for this microbe, focusing on the last 5 years. We provide information on the principles, functionality, advantages and limitations, with special focus on their use in metabolic engineering. Additionally, we compare the tool portfolio for P. putida with those for other bacterial chassis and discuss potential future directions for tool development. Therefore, this review is intended as a reference guide for experts and new ‘users’ of this promising chassis.
- Pseudomonas putidaGenetic toolboxGenome editingSynthetic biologyChassisMetabolic engineering