The equilibrium adsorption of polyelectrolytes with multiple types of ionizable groups is described using a modified Poisson-Boltzmann equation including charge regulation of both the polymer and the interface. A one-dimensional mean-field model is used in which the electrostatic potential is assumed constant in the lateral direction parallel to the surface. The electrostatic potential and ionization degrees of the different ionizable groups are calculated as function of the distance from the surface after which the electric and chemical contributions to the free energy are obtained. The various interactions between small ions, surface and polyelectrolyte are self-consistently considered in the model, such as the increase in charge of polyelectrolyte and surface upon adsorption as well as the displacement of small ions and the decrease of permittivity. These interactions may lead to complex dependencies of the adsorbed amount of polyelectrolyte on pH, ionic strength, and properties of the polymer (volume, permittivity, number, and type of ionizable groups) and of the surface (number of ionizable groups, pK, Stern capacity). For the adsorption of lysozyme on silica, the model qualitatively describes the gradual increase of adsorbed amount with pH up to a maximum value at pHc, which is below the iso-electric point, as well as the sharp decrease of adsorbed amount beyond pHc. With increasing ionic strength the adsorbed amount decreases (for pH > pHc), and pHc shifts to lower values.
|Journal||The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part B: Condensed Matter, Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces & Biophysical|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|
- electrostatic free-energy
- protein adsorption
- weak polyelectrolytes