A model to examine farm household trade-offs and synergies with an application to smallholders in Vietnam

Lenora Ditzler, Adam M. Komarek, Tsai Wei Chiang, Stéphanie Alvarez, Shantonu Abe Chatterjee, Carl Timler, Jessica E. Raneri, Natalia Estrada Carmona, Gina Kennedy, Jeroen C.J. Groot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Farm models have the potential to describe farming systems and livelihoods, identify trade-offs and synergies, and provide ex-ante assessments of agricultural technologies and policies. We developed three new modules related to budget, labor, and human nutrition for the bio-economic whole-farm model ‘FarmDESIGN’. The expanded model positions the farming enterprise within the farm household. We illustrate the model's new capabilities for farm households in two villages in Northwest Vietnam, where we conducted multi-objective optimization to identify options for improving the farm households' current performance on key sustainability and livelihood indicators. Modeling results suggest trade-offs between environmental, economic, and social objectives are common, although not universal. The new modules increase the scope for modeling flows of resources (namely cash, labor, and food) between the farm enterprise and the farm household, as well as beyond the farm gate. This allows conducting modeling explorations, optimization routines, and scenario analyses in farming systems research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-63
JournalAgricultural Systems
Volume173
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

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Vietnam
households
farms
livelihood
labor
farming systems
ex ante analysis
bioeconomics
environmental economics
human nutrition
villages

Keywords

  • FarmDESIGN model
  • Farmer livelihoods
  • Labor
  • Multi-objective optimization
  • Nutrition
  • Soil organic matter

Cite this

Ditzler, Lenora ; Komarek, Adam M. ; Chiang, Tsai Wei ; Alvarez, Stéphanie ; Chatterjee, Shantonu Abe ; Timler, Carl ; Raneri, Jessica E. ; Carmona, Natalia Estrada ; Kennedy, Gina ; Groot, Jeroen C.J. / A model to examine farm household trade-offs and synergies with an application to smallholders in Vietnam. In: Agricultural Systems. 2019 ; Vol. 173. pp. 49-63.
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abstract = "Farm models have the potential to describe farming systems and livelihoods, identify trade-offs and synergies, and provide ex-ante assessments of agricultural technologies and policies. We developed three new modules related to budget, labor, and human nutrition for the bio-economic whole-farm model ‘FarmDESIGN’. The expanded model positions the farming enterprise within the farm household. We illustrate the model's new capabilities for farm households in two villages in Northwest Vietnam, where we conducted multi-objective optimization to identify options for improving the farm households' current performance on key sustainability and livelihood indicators. Modeling results suggest trade-offs between environmental, economic, and social objectives are common, although not universal. The new modules increase the scope for modeling flows of resources (namely cash, labor, and food) between the farm enterprise and the farm household, as well as beyond the farm gate. This allows conducting modeling explorations, optimization routines, and scenario analyses in farming systems research.",
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A model to examine farm household trade-offs and synergies with an application to smallholders in Vietnam. / Ditzler, Lenora; Komarek, Adam M.; Chiang, Tsai Wei; Alvarez, Stéphanie; Chatterjee, Shantonu Abe; Timler, Carl; Raneri, Jessica E.; Carmona, Natalia Estrada; Kennedy, Gina; Groot, Jeroen C.J.

In: Agricultural Systems, Vol. 173, 01.07.2019, p. 49-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Ditzler, Lenora

AU - Komarek, Adam M.

AU - Chiang, Tsai Wei

AU - Alvarez, Stéphanie

AU - Chatterjee, Shantonu Abe

AU - Timler, Carl

AU - Raneri, Jessica E.

AU - Carmona, Natalia Estrada

AU - Kennedy, Gina

AU - Groot, Jeroen C.J.

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