The tissue-specific expression of an antigen (P43) ubiquitously expressed at high levels in a variety of tumours of human and animal origin was investigated using a monoclonal antibody to P43. Whereas low amounts of P43 are expressed in the spleen, skeletal muscle and pancreas, P43 is abundantly produced in the liver and in other tissues such as the kidney, heart and brain which have high levels of oxidative metabolism. Interestingly, a related protein of higher molecular weight is abundantly expressed in the lung and in amounts which were higher than those observed with other tissues. The human cDNA for P43 was isolated from a human liver cDNA library and mapped to chromosome 16 between p11.2 and 12 and also to a position near the centromere on the long arm of chromosome 17. The deduced amino acid sequence of P43 is remarkably similar to that of E. coli EF-Tu and the mitochondrial EF-Tu of S. cerevisiae with the structurally and functionally important amino acids of EF-Tu being completely conserved in P43. A comparison of the distribution of P43 and a mitochondrial protein Hsp 60 among different cellular fractions indicated a likely mitochondrial localisation for P43. Taken together these results suggest that P43 is a human mitochondrial elongation factor.
- EF-Tu homolog
- Elongation factor