We present calculations on the sustainable national income (SNI) indicator, first proposed by Hueting, which corrects net national income (NNI) for the costs to bring back environmental resource use to a `sustainable' level. Using an applied general equilibrium (AGE) model specifying 27 production sectors, we calculate different variants of SNI for the Netherlands in 1990, given a set of pre-determined sustainability standards. The AGE model is extended with emissions and abatement cost curves, based on large data sets for nine environmental themes. The model combines the advantages of a top-down approach (the AGE model) with the information of a bottom-up approach (the environmental data and data on emissions reductions costs). The presented numerical results show that in 1990 Dutch SNI is about 50 elow NNI, though many uncertainties are still present in the data and the model. The enhanced greenhouse effect is the most expensive environmental theme.
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
- Economic welfare
- Green GDP
- Sustainable income