In recent years, a new type of MRSA, now called livestock-associated MRSA (LA-MRSA), belonging to the clonal complex (CC) 398, has globally emerged in swine world wide. Aim of this study was to gain more insight into the persistence of LA-MRSA in different types of pig farms over a period of two years. To investigate this, 15 MRSA-positive herds from a previous study were selected; an additional pig farm was selected because this one was found to be positive with a human MRSA-strain. Starting in September 2009, five dust samples were collected every two months. Samples were analysed for MRSA and spa-typing was done to confirm that MRSA isolates belonged to CC398 and to gain insight into persistence of strains within a farm. Three herds were positive on all sampling occasions and were consistently contaminated with LA-MRSA. In the remaining herds, occasionally no positive dust samples were found at some sampling moments. The predominating spa -types were t011 and t108. A maximum of 5 different spa-types were found in two herds, with 3 different spa-types present in one sampling, indicating multiple introductions. These results show that LA-MRSA remains present on a pig farm over a long period. Most likely, transmission within the herd occurs after initial introduction, and an endemic situation seems to be the endpoint. The relatively low sensitivity of dust sampling compared to sampling of animals, the small sample size and lack of strict standardization of dust sampling might explain occasional negative samplings in overall positive herds. However, a true change of a positive MRSA-status to a negative status, followed by re-introduction cannot be ruled out in our study design.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of biological, chemical and physical hazards in pigs and pork, 19-22 June 2011, Maastricht, The Netherlands|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
|Event||9th International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of biological, chemical and physical hazards in pigs and pork - |
Duration: 19 Jun 2011 → 22 Jun 2011
|Conference||9th International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of biological, chemical and physical hazards in pigs and pork|
|Period||19/06/11 → 22/06/11|