A knife-roller effectively substitutes soil preparation by plough-and-harrow in lowland production systems

G. Theisen*, J.C.C. Silva, L. Bastiaans

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Cropping systems in the lowlands of temperate South America have been based on irrigated rice and beef-cattle production. Plough-and-harrow is still the most used method to prepare the soil after a season of irrigated rice, but it causes high soil disturbance and is time- and energy-demanding. To improve the sustainability of a rice–soybean rotation system, we studied an alternative method for soil preparation based on a heavy knife-roller. This method was evaluated during three cropping seasons and compared to the plough-and-harrow, applied after the harvest of irrigated rice in a flat hydromorphic soil in south Brazil. In the subsequent summer, soybean was seeded using a no-tillage seeder. Observations on soybean establishment and grain yield demonstrated that the alternative method performed as well as the plough-based system. Benefits of the roller-based method were a 50% reduction in energy consumption for soil preparation, corresponding to a 22% increase in overall energy use-efficiency of soybean production. Labour time and greenhouse gas emissions for soil preparation were reduced with 29 and 55%, respectively. Next to these savings, the roller-based method can also be performed shortly after rice harvest, creating better opportunities for cover crops or pastures in between rice and soybean. In conclusion, the equivalent agronomic and superior sustainability performance makes the knife-roller method an appealing alternative for seedbed preparation after irrigated rice in lowland production systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)901-914
JournalExperimental Agriculture
Volume54
Issue number6
Early online date10 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

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harrows
knives
site preparation
plows
lowlands
production technology
rice
soybeans
methodology
hydromorphic soils
seedbed preparation
cattle production
energy
greenhouse gas emissions
cover crops
beef cattle
no-tillage
cropping systems
soil
labor

Cite this

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title = "A knife-roller effectively substitutes soil preparation by plough-and-harrow in lowland production systems",
abstract = "Cropping systems in the lowlands of temperate South America have been based on irrigated rice and beef-cattle production. Plough-and-harrow is still the most used method to prepare the soil after a season of irrigated rice, but it causes high soil disturbance and is time- and energy-demanding. To improve the sustainability of a rice–soybean rotation system, we studied an alternative method for soil preparation based on a heavy knife-roller. This method was evaluated during three cropping seasons and compared to the plough-and-harrow, applied after the harvest of irrigated rice in a flat hydromorphic soil in south Brazil. In the subsequent summer, soybean was seeded using a no-tillage seeder. Observations on soybean establishment and grain yield demonstrated that the alternative method performed as well as the plough-based system. Benefits of the roller-based method were a 50{\%} reduction in energy consumption for soil preparation, corresponding to a 22{\%} increase in overall energy use-efficiency of soybean production. Labour time and greenhouse gas emissions for soil preparation were reduced with 29 and 55{\%}, respectively. Next to these savings, the roller-based method can also be performed shortly after rice harvest, creating better opportunities for cover crops or pastures in between rice and soybean. In conclusion, the equivalent agronomic and superior sustainability performance makes the knife-roller method an appealing alternative for seedbed preparation after irrigated rice in lowland production systems.",
author = "G. Theisen and J.C.C. Silva and L. Bastiaans",
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A knife-roller effectively substitutes soil preparation by plough-and-harrow in lowland production systems. / Theisen, G.; Silva, J.C.C.; Bastiaans, L.

In: Experimental Agriculture, Vol. 54, No. 6, 12.2018, p. 901-914.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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N2 - Cropping systems in the lowlands of temperate South America have been based on irrigated rice and beef-cattle production. Plough-and-harrow is still the most used method to prepare the soil after a season of irrigated rice, but it causes high soil disturbance and is time- and energy-demanding. To improve the sustainability of a rice–soybean rotation system, we studied an alternative method for soil preparation based on a heavy knife-roller. This method was evaluated during three cropping seasons and compared to the plough-and-harrow, applied after the harvest of irrigated rice in a flat hydromorphic soil in south Brazil. In the subsequent summer, soybean was seeded using a no-tillage seeder. Observations on soybean establishment and grain yield demonstrated that the alternative method performed as well as the plough-based system. Benefits of the roller-based method were a 50% reduction in energy consumption for soil preparation, corresponding to a 22% increase in overall energy use-efficiency of soybean production. Labour time and greenhouse gas emissions for soil preparation were reduced with 29 and 55%, respectively. Next to these savings, the roller-based method can also be performed shortly after rice harvest, creating better opportunities for cover crops or pastures in between rice and soybean. In conclusion, the equivalent agronomic and superior sustainability performance makes the knife-roller method an appealing alternative for seedbed preparation after irrigated rice in lowland production systems.

AB - Cropping systems in the lowlands of temperate South America have been based on irrigated rice and beef-cattle production. Plough-and-harrow is still the most used method to prepare the soil after a season of irrigated rice, but it causes high soil disturbance and is time- and energy-demanding. To improve the sustainability of a rice–soybean rotation system, we studied an alternative method for soil preparation based on a heavy knife-roller. This method was evaluated during three cropping seasons and compared to the plough-and-harrow, applied after the harvest of irrigated rice in a flat hydromorphic soil in south Brazil. In the subsequent summer, soybean was seeded using a no-tillage seeder. Observations on soybean establishment and grain yield demonstrated that the alternative method performed as well as the plough-based system. Benefits of the roller-based method were a 50% reduction in energy consumption for soil preparation, corresponding to a 22% increase in overall energy use-efficiency of soybean production. Labour time and greenhouse gas emissions for soil preparation were reduced with 29 and 55%, respectively. Next to these savings, the roller-based method can also be performed shortly after rice harvest, creating better opportunities for cover crops or pastures in between rice and soybean. In conclusion, the equivalent agronomic and superior sustainability performance makes the knife-roller method an appealing alternative for seedbed preparation after irrigated rice in lowland production systems.

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