A good life environment for all through conceptual, technological and social innovations

G. Lettinga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In conventional environmental protection the parallel development of advanced technical solutions alongside ever more stringent environmental standards increasingly conflicts with the moral and practical imperatives to ensure sustainability and drastically improve the life conditions of the world's poor. Such priorities are far better tackled by technological and social innovations based on relatively simple and highly sustainable concepts: e.g., applying Natural Biological Mineralization Routes (NBMR) for wastewater and waste treatment, implementing Decentralized Sanitation and Resource Recovery and Reuse (DESAR3) where transport of waste(water)s is kept to an optimum level and pollutants valorized, etc. With developing countries now taking a lead in applying these concepts in public sanitation, the more prosperous countries will gradually abandon the expensive, vulnerable and non-sustainable conventional approaches to wastes treatment and environmental protection
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • sewage-treatment system
  • waste-water treatment
  • developing-countries
  • uasb reactor
  • performance
  • posttreatment
  • feasibility
  • combination

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