A global survey of urban water tariffs: are they sustainable, efficient and fair?

D.J. Zetland, C. Gasson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper examines the relations between tariffs and sustainability, efficiency and equity, using a unique data-set for 308 cities in 102 countries. Higher water tariffs are correlated with lower per capita consumption, smaller local populations, lower water availability, higher demand and a lower risk of shortage. Aggregating to the national level, higher tariffs are correlated with higher GDP and better governance. A different country-level analysis shows that a higher percentage of the population with water service is correlated with better governance, higher GDP and a greater risk of water shortage. The relation between water prices and service coverage is statistically inconsistent.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-342
JournalInternational Journal of Water Resources Development
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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