A framework for selecting and designing policies to reduce marine plastic pollution in developing countries

F. Alpizar*, F. Carlsson, G. Lanza, B. Carney, R.C. Daniels, M. Jaime, T. Ho, Z. Nie, C. Salazar, B. Tibesigwa, S. Wahdera

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The polluting of marine ecosystems with plastics is both a global and a local problem with potentially severe consequences for wildlife, economic activity, and human health. It is a problem that originates in countries’ inability to adequately manage the growing flow of waste. We use an impact pathway framework to trace the flow of plastics through the socio-ecological system and identify the role of specific policy instruments in achieving behavioral changes to reduce marine plastic waste. We produce a toolbox for finding a policy that is suitable for different countries. We use the impact pathway and toolbox to make country-specific recommendations that reflect the reality in each of the selected countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Science and Policy
Volume109
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • behavioral change
  • developing countries
  • Plastic pollution
  • policy tools

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