The three major meat supply chains in emerging markets are traditional wet markets, integrated supply chains, and the more recent collaborative supply chains. Customers in these markets are increasingly demanding safe and high-quality meat, which requires more transparency in the supply chain. This paper presents a generic framework for modelling and designing transparency systems in meat supply chains, with special attention to the needs of emerging markets like Vietnam where all the three supply chain types co-exist. The framework consists of domain, product flow, business control, business process and transparency data models. The main novelty of the proposed framework is its complementarity to cross-industry reference architectures and generic traceability standards, and its stakeholder-centric approach. The framework is demonstrated in the three pork supply chain types that are also widely present in Vietnam and are representative of the pork supply chains of emerging markets in general. The applicability of the framework is described in detail in a case study of a collaborative supply chain of independent members, which is one of the three pork supply chain types. The case study is selected for detailed analysis because the members work closely together to provide safe and traceable pork meat to consumers.