A feasibility test to estimate the duration of phytoextraction of heavy metals from polluted soils

J. Japenga, G.F. Koopmans, J. Song, P.F.A.M. Romkens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The practical applicability of heavy metal (HM) phytoextraction depends heavily on its duration. Phytoextraction duration is the main cost factor for phytoextraction, both referring to recurring economic costs during phytoextraction and to the cost of the soil having no economic value during phytoextraction. An experiment is described here, which is meant as a preliminary feasibility test before starting a phytoextraction scheme in practice, to obtain a more realistic estimate of the phytoextraction duration of a specific HM-polluted soil. In the experiment, HM-polluted soil is mixed at different ratios with unpolluted soil of comparable composition to mimic the gradual decrease of the HM content in the target HM-polluted soil during phytoextraction. After equilibrating the soil mixtures, one cropping cycle is carried out with the plant species of interest. At harvest, the adsorbed HM contents in the soil and the HM contents in the plant shoots are determined. The adsorbed HM contents in the soil are then related to the HM contents in the plant shoots by a log-log linear relationship that can then be used to estimate the phytoextraction duration of a specific HM-polluted soil. This article describes and evaluates the merits of such a feasibility experiment. Potential drawbacks regarding the accuracy of the described approach are discussed and a greenhouse-field extrapolation procedure is proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-132
JournalInternational Journal of Phytoremediation
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • hyperaccumulator thlaspi-caerulescens
  • contaminated soils
  • solubility control
  • organic-matter
  • cadmium
  • plants
  • zinc
  • zn
  • accumulation
  • pb

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