A Downflow Hanging Sponge (DHS) reactor for faecal coliform removal from an Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Bed (UASB) effluent

R.E. Yaya Beas, K. Kujawa-Roeleveld, J.B. van Lier, G. Zeeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This research was conducted to study the faecal coliforms removal capacity of Downflow Hanging Sponge (DHS) reactors as a post-treatment for an Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) reactor. Three long-term continuous lab-scale DHS reactors i.e. a reactor with cube type sponges without recirculation, a similar one with recirculation and a reactor with curtain type sponges. The porosities of the applied medium were 91%, 87% and 47% respectively. The organic loading rates were 0.86 kgCOD m-3 d-1, 0.53 kgCOD m-3 d-1 and 0.24 kgCOD m-3 d-1 correspondingly at hydraulic loading rates of 1.92 m3 m-2 d-1, 2.97 m3 m-2 d-1 and 1.32 m3 m-2 d-1, respectively. The corresponding averages for faecal coliform removal were 99.997%, 99.919% and 92.121% respectively. The WHO (1989) standards, in terms of faecal coliform content for unrestricted irrigation (Category A), was achieved with the effluent of the cube type DHS (G1) without recirculation. Restricted irrigation, category B and C is assigned to the effluent of the cube type with recirculation and the curtain type, respectively. Particularly for organic compounds, the effluent of evaluated DHS reactors complies with USEPA standards for irrigation of so called non-food crops like pasture for milking animals, fodder, fibre, and seed crops.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2034-2044
JournalWater Science and Technology
Volume72
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • faecal coliforms
  • biochemical oxygen demand
  • chemical oxygen demand
  • waste water
  • waste water treatment
  • anaerobic treatment
  • waste water treatment plants

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