A conceptual model of the social–ecological system of nature-based solutions in urban environments

Konstantinos Tzoulas*, Juanjo Galan, Stephen Venn, Matthew Dennis, Bas Pedroli, Himansu Mishra, Dagmar Haase, Stephan Pauleit, Jari Niemelä, Philip James

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This article provides a perspective on nature-based solutions. First, the argument is developed that nature-based solutions integrate social and ecological systems. Then, theoretical considerations relating to relational values, multifunctionality, transdisciplinarity, and polycentric governance are briefly outlined. Finally, a conceptual model of the social–ecological system of nature-based solutions is synthesised and presented. This conceptual model comprehensively defines the social and ecological external and internal systems that make up nature-based solutions, and identifies theoretical considerations that need to be addressed at different stages of their planning and implementation The model bridges the normative gaps of existing nature-based solution frameworks and could be used for consistent, comprehensive, and transferable comparisons internationally. The theoretical considerations addressed in this article inform practitioners, policymakers, and researchers about the essential components of nature-based solutions. The conceptual model can facilitate the identification of social and ecological interconnections within nature-based solutions and the range of stakeholders and disciplines involved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAmbio
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Multifunctionality
  • Polycentric governance
  • Relational values
  • Sustainable urban planning
  • Transdisciplinarity

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A conceptual model of the social–ecological system of nature-based solutions in urban environments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this