A Conceptual Framework for Identifying the Binding Constraints to Tourism-Driven Inclusive Growth

Martine Bakker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Continued discussions concerning the adverse effects of high levels of inequality require a better understanding of tourism’s contribution to inclusive growth. If tourism is to be supportive of inclusive growth, it must create productive employment opportunities, while also ensuring equal access to these opportunities. This paper aims to analyse the constraints that prohibit the tourism sector from being a catalyst for inclusive growth, by developing a Tourism-Driven Inclusive Growth Diagnostic (T-DIGD) framework. This conceptual framework is adapted from the Hausmann, Rodrik, and Velasco growth diagnostic to the specific needs of the tourism sector and can support practitioners through a structured knowledge building process, in the design of policies and interventions that can promote inclusive growth. The TIGDF departs from conventional and mainly quantitative approaches of the drivers of tourism growth and focuses on the “deep determinants” of tourism-driven inclusive growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-590
Number of pages16
JournalTourism Planning and Development
Issue number5
Early online date5 Nov 2018
Publication statusPublished - May 2019



  • constraints
  • diagnostic
  • Inclusive growth
  • inequality
  • tourism and development

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