A conceptual framework for economic optimization of single hazard surveillance in livestock production chains

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Abstract

Economic analysis of hazard surveillance in livestock production chains is essential for surveillance organizations (such as food safety authorities) when making scientifically based decisions on optimization of resource allocation. To enable this, quantitative decision support tools are required at two levels of analysis: (1) single-hazard surveillance system and (2) surveillance portfolio. This paper addresses the first level by presenting a conceptual approach for the economic analysis of single-hazard surveillance systems. The concept includes objective and subjective aspects of single-hazard surveillance system analysis: (1) a simulation part to derive an efficient set of surveillance setups based on the technical surveillance performance parameters (TSPPs) and the corresponding surveillance costs, i.e., objective analysis, and (2) a multi-criteria decision making model to evaluate the impacts of the hazard surveillance, i.e., subjective analysis. The conceptual approach was checked for (1) conceptual validity and (2) data validity. Issues regarding the practical use of the approach, particularly the data requirement, were discussed. We concluded that the conceptual approach is scientifically credible for economic analysis of single-hazard surveillance systems and that the practicability of the approach depends on data availability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-200
JournalPreventive Veterinary Medicine
Volume114
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Keywords

  • classical swine-fever
  • animal-disease surveillance
  • control strategies
  • vesicular disease
  • pcr assay
  • virus
  • netherlands
  • simulation
  • system
  • pigs

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