A common neutralizing epitope on envelope glycoprotein E2 of different pestiviruses: Implications for improvement of vaccines and diagnostics for classical swine fever (CSF)?

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    Abstract

    The Pestivirus genus within the family of Flaviviridae consists of at least three species; classical swine fever virus (CSFV) found in swine and wild boar, bovine viral diarrhoea virus type 1 and type 2 (BVDV-I and BVDV-II) mainly isolated from cattle and border disease virus (BDV) preferably replicating in ovine species. Many features demonstrate differences between CSFV and other pestiviruses, BVDV-I, BVDV-II and BDV, here defined as nonCSFV, whereas other features show similarities between all different species of pestiviruses. Focussing on the major envelope glycoprotein E2, the immunodominant protein of pestiviruses, CSFV seems to be a more distinct species within the Pestivirus genus. Here we confirm on one hand the more separated grouping of CSFV by isolation of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) raised against E2 of BVDV-I and BVDV-II. None of these MAbs recognize E2 of CSFV strains. On the other hand, only one MAb, MAb 912, was isolated against E2 of BDV. MAb 912 binds to E2 of CSFV strains and partly neutralizes CSFV. The epitope of MAb 912 is mapped in antigenic domain B of CSFV-E2. This common epitope of CSFV strains and nonCSFV strains could have implications for development of DIVA vaccines and serological diagnostics for CSF.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)150-156
    JournalVeterinary Microbiology
    Volume125
    Issue number39479
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Keywords

    • viral diarrhea virus
    • hog-cholera virus
    • monoclonal-antibodies
    • e-rns
    • fetal protection
    • marker vaccines
    • subunit vaccine
    • linear epitope
    • strain brescia
    • protein

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