A combined amplified fragment length polymorphism and randomly amplified polymorphism DNA genetic linkage map of Mycosphaerella graminicola, the Septoria tritici leaf blotch pathogen of wheat

G.H.J. Kema, S.B. Goodwin, S. Hamza, E.C.P. Verstappen, J.R. Cavaletto, T.A.J. van der Lee, M. de Weerdt, P.J.M. Bonants, C. Waalwijk

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    47 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    An F-1 mapping population of the septoria tritici blotch pathogen of wheat, Mycosphaerella graminicola, was generated by crossing the two Dutch field isolates IPO323 and IPO94269. AFLP and RAPD marker data sets were combined to produce a high-density genetic linkage map. The final map contained 223 AFLP and 57 RAPD markers, plus the biological traits mating type and avirulence, in 23 linkage groups spanning 1216 cM. Many AFLPs and some RAPD markers were clustered. When markers were reduced to 1 per cluster, 229 unique positions were mapped, with an average distance of 5.3 cM between markers. Because M. graminicola probably has 17 or 18 chromosomes, at least 5 of the 23 linkage groups probably will need to be combined with others once additional markers are added to the map. This was confirmed by pulsed-field gel analysis; probes derived from 2 of the smallest linkage groups hybridized to two of the largest chromosome-sized bands, revealing a discrepancy between physical and genetic distance. The utility of the map was demonstrated by identifying molecular markers tightly linked to two genes of biological interest, mating type and avirulence. Bulked segregant analysis was used to identify additional molecular markers closely linked to these traits. This is the first genetic linkage map for any species in the genus Mycosphaerella or the family Mycosphaerellaceae.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1497-1505
    JournalGenetics
    Volume161
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Keywords

    • electrophoretic karyotype
    • aflp markers
    • resistance
    • rflp
    • construction
    • pathosystem
    • populations
    • avirulence
    • cultivars
    • virulence

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