A chronic bioassay with the estuarine amphipod Corophium volutator: Test method description and confounding factors

Martine van den Heuvel-Greve*, Jaap Postma, Johan Jol, Hanneke Kooman, Marco Dubbeldam, Cor Schipper, Belinda Kater

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Methods of conducting a chronic sediment toxicity test with the estuarine amphipod Corophium volutator are described. They consist of a 49-day exposure, after which mortality, growth and reproduction are determined. Pilot experiments were used to optimize test design parameters such as temperature, duration, feeding and refreshing regimes, and effects of indigenous organisms. By way of further validation, the present study focused on the effects of four different parameters: oxygen saturation, salinity, ammonium and nitrite. These confounding factors might play an important role especially if the test is used for risk assessment of field-contaminated sediments. It is concluded that the present experimental design is well suited for chronic sediment exposures with C. volutator. The test can be performed at a broad range of salinity values, provided that controls are performed at the same salinity. Results further demonstrate that with the endpoints growth and reproduction this chronic test procedure is a factor 7-18 more sensitive to ammonium and nitrate than the standardized acute bioassay (endpoint mortality).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1301-1309
Number of pages9
JournalChemosphere
Volume66
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Full life-cycle test
  • Growth
  • Reproduction
  • Sediment assessment

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