A brief history of mangrove distribution and coastline development in soc Trang Province, Vietnam, to address coastal management strategies

Olivier M. Joffre*, Klaus Schmitt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Coastlines and their mangrove forests change over time under the influence of human and natural drivers. To design appropriate mangrove reforestation interventions, we use the Vietnamese province of Soc Trang, at the Bassac River mouth, as a case study to understand coastal zone changes. Our research, covering 1904–2007, is based on historical material from the French colonial period (topographic maps, reports), satellite images, and onsite interviews with key informants. Since 1904, the coastline and mangrove forests have changed significantly, including a sequence of deforestation and reforestation in some areas, changes in tree species composition, transformation of the coastline landscape from sand dunes to mangrove forests, and large-scale accretion at the river mouth. The natural processes of accretion and erosion have changed over time for the same area in Vin Chau District, thus influencing mangrove cover and reforestation programs. Damage to the mangrove forest during the Vietnam War due to defoliants was localised to specific areas along the coastline, and damaged trees were later cut for local use. Deforestation for fuelwood, expansion of farming areas, access rights, and usage of the mud flats during the French colonial period, followed by reforestation that modified the original species composition, are the main drivers of coastline changes. These drivers influence the coastline and mangrove cover dynamics in different ways. The knowledge of historical processes and coastal dynamics is important in developing climate change adaptation strategies, which combine such site-specific measures as effective mangrove protection and management, mangrove rehabilitation, and engineering measures.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWater and Power
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages67-85
ISBN (Electronic)9783319904009
ISBN (Print)9783319903996
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Publication series

NameAdvances in Global Change Research
Volume64
ISSN (Print)1574-0919
ISSN (Electronic)2215-1621

Fingerprint

coastal zone management
mangrove
coast
history
reforestation
deforestation
accretion
province
distribution
fuelwood
mudflat
river
coastal zone
dune
erosion
engineering
damage

Keywords

  • Coastal erosion
  • Coastline change
  • Land cover change
  • Mangrove
  • Mangrove rehabilitation
  • Mekong delta
  • Shrimp farming
  • Vietnam

Cite this

Joffre, O. M., & Schmitt, K. (2019). A brief history of mangrove distribution and coastline development in soc Trang Province, Vietnam, to address coastal management strategies. In Water and Power (pp. 67-85). (Advances in Global Change Research; Vol. 64). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90400-9_5
Joffre, Olivier M. ; Schmitt, Klaus. / A brief history of mangrove distribution and coastline development in soc Trang Province, Vietnam, to address coastal management strategies. Water and Power. Springer International Publishing, 2019. pp. 67-85 (Advances in Global Change Research).
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Joffre, OM & Schmitt, K 2019, A brief history of mangrove distribution and coastline development in soc Trang Province, Vietnam, to address coastal management strategies. in Water and Power. Advances in Global Change Research, vol. 64, Springer International Publishing, pp. 67-85. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90400-9_5

A brief history of mangrove distribution and coastline development in soc Trang Province, Vietnam, to address coastal management strategies. / Joffre, Olivier M.; Schmitt, Klaus.

Water and Power. Springer International Publishing, 2019. p. 67-85 (Advances in Global Change Research; Vol. 64).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - A brief history of mangrove distribution and coastline development in soc Trang Province, Vietnam, to address coastal management strategies

AU - Joffre, Olivier M.

AU - Schmitt, Klaus

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Coastlines and their mangrove forests change over time under the influence of human and natural drivers. To design appropriate mangrove reforestation interventions, we use the Vietnamese province of Soc Trang, at the Bassac River mouth, as a case study to understand coastal zone changes. Our research, covering 1904–2007, is based on historical material from the French colonial period (topographic maps, reports), satellite images, and onsite interviews with key informants. Since 1904, the coastline and mangrove forests have changed significantly, including a sequence of deforestation and reforestation in some areas, changes in tree species composition, transformation of the coastline landscape from sand dunes to mangrove forests, and large-scale accretion at the river mouth. The natural processes of accretion and erosion have changed over time for the same area in Vin Chau District, thus influencing mangrove cover and reforestation programs. Damage to the mangrove forest during the Vietnam War due to defoliants was localised to specific areas along the coastline, and damaged trees were later cut for local use. Deforestation for fuelwood, expansion of farming areas, access rights, and usage of the mud flats during the French colonial period, followed by reforestation that modified the original species composition, are the main drivers of coastline changes. These drivers influence the coastline and mangrove cover dynamics in different ways. The knowledge of historical processes and coastal dynamics is important in developing climate change adaptation strategies, which combine such site-specific measures as effective mangrove protection and management, mangrove rehabilitation, and engineering measures.

AB - Coastlines and their mangrove forests change over time under the influence of human and natural drivers. To design appropriate mangrove reforestation interventions, we use the Vietnamese province of Soc Trang, at the Bassac River mouth, as a case study to understand coastal zone changes. Our research, covering 1904–2007, is based on historical material from the French colonial period (topographic maps, reports), satellite images, and onsite interviews with key informants. Since 1904, the coastline and mangrove forests have changed significantly, including a sequence of deforestation and reforestation in some areas, changes in tree species composition, transformation of the coastline landscape from sand dunes to mangrove forests, and large-scale accretion at the river mouth. The natural processes of accretion and erosion have changed over time for the same area in Vin Chau District, thus influencing mangrove cover and reforestation programs. Damage to the mangrove forest during the Vietnam War due to defoliants was localised to specific areas along the coastline, and damaged trees were later cut for local use. Deforestation for fuelwood, expansion of farming areas, access rights, and usage of the mud flats during the French colonial period, followed by reforestation that modified the original species composition, are the main drivers of coastline changes. These drivers influence the coastline and mangrove cover dynamics in different ways. The knowledge of historical processes and coastal dynamics is important in developing climate change adaptation strategies, which combine such site-specific measures as effective mangrove protection and management, mangrove rehabilitation, and engineering measures.

KW - Coastal erosion

KW - Coastline change

KW - Land cover change

KW - Mangrove

KW - Mangrove rehabilitation

KW - Mekong delta

KW - Shrimp farming

KW - Vietnam

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-90400-9_5

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-90400-9_5

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9783319903996

T3 - Advances in Global Change Research

SP - 67

EP - 85

BT - Water and Power

PB - Springer International Publishing

ER -

Joffre OM, Schmitt K. A brief history of mangrove distribution and coastline development in soc Trang Province, Vietnam, to address coastal management strategies. In Water and Power. Springer International Publishing. 2019. p. 67-85. (Advances in Global Change Research). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90400-9_5