A 7000-year history of changing plant trait composition in an Amazonian landscape; the role of humans and climate

M.T. van der Sande, W. Gosling, A. Correa-Metrio, Jamir A. Prado-Junior, L. Poorter, R.S. Oliveira, Luca Mazzei, M.B. Bush

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Tropical forests are shifting in species and trait composition, but the main underlying causes remain unclear because of the short temporal scales of most studies. Here, we develop a novel approach by linking functional trait data with 7000 years of forest dynamics from a fossil pollen record of Lake Sauce in the Peruvian Amazon. We evaluate how climate and human disturbances affect community trait composition. We found weak relationships between environmental conditions and traits at the taxon level, but strong effects for community‐mean traits. Overall, community‐mean traits were more responsive to human disturbances than to climate change; human‐induced erosion increased the dominance of dense‐wooded, non‐zoochorous species with compound leaves, and human‐induced fire increased the dominance of tall, zoochorous taxa with large seeds and simple leaves. This information can help to enhance our understanding of forest responses to past environmental changes, and improve predictions of future changes in tropical forest composition.
LanguageEnglish
Pages925-935
JournalEcology Letters
Volume22
Issue number6
Early online date18 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

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tropical forest
climate
disturbance
forest dynamics
history
tropical forests
environmental change
pollen
environmental conditions
fossil
seed
erosion
climate change
sauces
lake
prediction
leaves
fossils
lakes
environmental factors

Cite this

van der Sande, M.T. ; Gosling, W. ; Correa-Metrio, A. ; Prado-Junior, Jamir A. ; Poorter, L. ; Oliveira, R.S. ; Mazzei, Luca ; Bush, M.B. / A 7000-year history of changing plant trait composition in an Amazonian landscape; the role of humans and climate. In: Ecology Letters. 2019 ; Vol. 22, No. 6. pp. 925-935.
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abstract = "Tropical forests are shifting in species and trait composition, but the main underlying causes remain unclear because of the short temporal scales of most studies. Here, we develop a novel approach by linking functional trait data with 7000 years of forest dynamics from a fossil pollen record of Lake Sauce in the Peruvian Amazon. We evaluate how climate and human disturbances affect community trait composition. We found weak relationships between environmental conditions and traits at the taxon level, but strong effects for community‐mean traits. Overall, community‐mean traits were more responsive to human disturbances than to climate change; human‐induced erosion increased the dominance of dense‐wooded, non‐zoochorous species with compound leaves, and human‐induced fire increased the dominance of tall, zoochorous taxa with large seeds and simple leaves. This information can help to enhance our understanding of forest responses to past environmental changes, and improve predictions of future changes in tropical forest composition.",
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A 7000-year history of changing plant trait composition in an Amazonian landscape; the role of humans and climate. / van der Sande, M.T.; Gosling, W.; Correa-Metrio, A.; Prado-Junior, Jamir A.; Poorter, L.; Oliveira, R.S.; Mazzei, Luca; Bush, M.B.

In: Ecology Letters, Vol. 22, No. 6, 06.2019, p. 925-935.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterAcademicpeer-review

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AU - van der Sande, M.T.

AU - Gosling, W.

AU - Correa-Metrio, A.

AU - Prado-Junior, Jamir A.

AU - Poorter, L.

AU - Oliveira, R.S.

AU - Mazzei, Luca

AU - Bush, M.B.

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AB - Tropical forests are shifting in species and trait composition, but the main underlying causes remain unclear because of the short temporal scales of most studies. Here, we develop a novel approach by linking functional trait data with 7000 years of forest dynamics from a fossil pollen record of Lake Sauce in the Peruvian Amazon. We evaluate how climate and human disturbances affect community trait composition. We found weak relationships between environmental conditions and traits at the taxon level, but strong effects for community‐mean traits. Overall, community‐mean traits were more responsive to human disturbances than to climate change; human‐induced erosion increased the dominance of dense‐wooded, non‐zoochorous species with compound leaves, and human‐induced fire increased the dominance of tall, zoochorous taxa with large seeds and simple leaves. This information can help to enhance our understanding of forest responses to past environmental changes, and improve predictions of future changes in tropical forest composition.

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