Redefining the carbon sink capacity of global forests: The driving role of tree mortality

    Project: EU research project

    Project Details

    Description

    Everything that lives must die. Yet when it comes to the world''s forests, we know much more about the processes governing their life than those governing their death. Global forests hold enormous amounts of carbon in their biomass, which has absorbed about 20% of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions over recent decades. Whether the size of this sink will persist, intensify, decrease or even become a source is highly uncertain, yet knowing this is crucial to the calculation of carbon emission budgets consistent with limiting global temperature rise. One of the most compelling explanations for this uncertainty is a lack of knowledge of how tree mortality affects forest carbon storage on a global scale. Mortality rates and mechanisms are closely tied to forest structure and composition, and thus the storage of carbon in biomass, but mechanistic complexity and the difficulty of measurement have hindered understanding, resulting in a striking lack of consensus in existing assessments. TreeMort will remedy this, combining newly available sources of data with appropriate conceptualisation and innovative modelling, to provide quantifications of the rates and causes of tree death, and their relation to environmental drivers, that set new standards for robustness, comprehensiveness and consistency at the global scale. This breaking-out of the narrower foci of previous work will be a game-changer, finally enabling globally-comprehensive investigation of the extent to which whole forest structure and function are governed by and interact with mortality, and their likely evolution under environmental change. TreeMort will assess this using state-of-the-art ecosystem modelling, which will then be employed to make a fundamental reassessment of the current and future carbon storage capacity of global forests. TreeMort will thus bring us significantly closer to understanding fully how forests interact with the global carbon cycle, assisting efforts to mitigate climate change.
    AcronymTreeMort
    StatusFinished
    Effective start/end date1/02/1831/07/23

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    • Concerns about reported harvests in European forests

      Palahí, M., Valbuena, R., Senf, C., Acil, N., Pugh, T. A. M., Sadler, J., Seidl, R., Potapov, P., Gardiner, B., Hetemäki, L., Chirici, G., Francini, S., Hlásny, T., Lerink, B. J. W., Olsson, H., González Olabarria, J. R., Ascoli, D., Asikainen, A., Bauhus, J., Berndes, G., & 13 othersDonis, J., Fridman, J., Hanewinkel, M., Jactel, H., Lindner, M., Marchetti, M., Marušák, R., Sheil, D., Tomé, M., Trasobares, A., Verkerk, P. J., Korhonen, M. & Nabuurs, G. J., 28 Apr 2021, In: Nature. 592, 7856, p. E15-E17

      Research output: Contribution to journalComment/Letter to the editorAcademic

      54 Citations (Scopus)
    • Taking the pulse of Earth's tropical forests using networks of highly distributed plots

      Blundo, C., Carilla, J., Grau, R., Malizia, A., Malizia, L., Osinaga-Acosta, O., Bird, M., Bradford, M., Catchpole, D., Ford, A., Graham, A., Hilbert, D., Kemp, J., Laurance, S., Laurance, W., Ishida, F. Y., Marshall, A., Waite, C., Woell, H., Bastin, J. F., & 32 othersBauters, M., Beeckman, H., Boeckx, P., Bogaert, J., De Canniere, C., de Haulleville, T., Doucet, J. L., Hardy, O., Hubau, W., Kearsley, E., Verbeeck, H., Vleminckx, J., Brewer, S. W., Alarcón, A., Araujo-Murakami, A., Arets, E., Arroyo, L., Chavez, E., Fredericksen, T., Villaroel, R. G., Peña-Claros, M., Zagt, R., Sheil, D., Bongers, F., van Andel, T., Veenendaal, E., Zuidema, P., Zwerts, J., Leal, M., Duan, M., Phillips, O. L. & Poorter, L., Aug 2021, In: Biological Conservation. 260, 108849.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

      Open Access
      77 Citations (Scopus)
    • Tree mode of death and mortality risk factors across Amazon forests

      Esquivel-Muelbert, A., Phillips, O. L., Brienen, R. J. W., Fauset, S., Sullivan, M. J. P., Baker, T. R., Chao, K. J., Feldpausch, T. R., Gloor, E., Higuchi, N., Houwing-Duistermaat, J., Lloyd, J., Liu, H., Malhi, Y., Marimon, B., Marimon Junior, B. H., Monteagudo-Mendoza, A., Poorter, L., Silveira, M., Torre, E. V., & 94 othersDávila, E. A., del Aguila Pasquel, J., Almeida, E., Loayza, P. A., Andrade, A., Aragão, L. E. O. C., Araujo-Murakami, A., Arets, E., Arroyo, L., Aymard C, G. A., Baisie, M., Baraloto, C., Camargo, P. B., Barroso, J., Blanc, L., Bonal, D., Bongers, F., Boot, R., Brown, F., Burban, B., Camargo, J. L., Castro, W., Moscoso, V. C., Chave, J., Comiskey, J., Valverde, F. C., da Costa, A. L., Cardozo, N. D., Di Fiore, A., Dourdain, A., Erwin, T., Llampazo, G. F., Vieira, I. C. G., Herrera, R., Honorio Coronado, E., Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, I., Jimenez-Rojas, E., Killeen, T., Laurance, S., Laurance, W., Levesley, A., Lewis, S. L., Ladvocat, K. L. L. M., Lopez-Gonzalez, G., Lovejoy, T., Meir, P., Mendoza, C., Morandi, P., Neill, D., Nogueira Lima, A. J., Vargas, P. N., de Oliveira, E. A., Camacho, N. P., Pardo, G., Peacock, J., Peña-Claros, M., Peñuela-Mora, M. C., Pickavance, G., Pipoly, J., Pitman, N., Prieto, A., Pugh, T. A. M., Quesada, C., Ramirez-Angulo, H., de Almeida Reis, S. M., Rejou-Machain, M., Correa, Z. R., Bayona, L. R., Rudas, A., Salomão, R., Serrano, J., Espejo, J. S., Silva, N., Singh, J., Stahl, C., Stropp, J., Swamy, V., Talbot, J., ter Steege, H., Terborgh, J., Thomas, R., Toledo, M., Torres-Lezama, A., Gamarra, L. V., van der Heijden, G., van der Meer, P., van der Hout, P., Martinez, R. V., Vieira, S. A., Cayo, J. V., Vos, V., Zagt, R., Zuidema, P. & Galbraith, D., Dec 2020, In: Nature Communications. 11, 1, 5515.

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

      Open Access
      66 Citations (Scopus)