Monitoring Biodiversity from Space

    Project: EU research project

    Project Details

    Description

    Life, with all its diversity, is in crisis. As humans increasingly encroach on biologically complex semi- natural landscapes, no organism, place or ecological function remains unaffected. While all 196 parties (195 countries plus the European Union) to the UN Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) have agreed to monitor the state of biodiversity, the currently available methods to do so leave much to be desired. Traditional monitoring involves the field observation of species by trained specialists, aided by skilled volunteers, whose expertise is restricted to specific biotic groupings. In a process that is both time consuming and inconsistent across time and space, botanists identify and record the presence of plant species and ornithologists the bird biota, resulting in 'unpopular' biotic groups such as fungi, bacteria and insects being under-observed or escaping identification altogether. In this project, a fundamentally different approach to terrestrial biodiversity monitoring couples next generation satellite remote sensing with environmental DNA (eDNA) profiling, complemented where available by legacy human-observed datasets. Satellite remote sensing is able to survey the environment as a single, continuous, fine-resolution map, while eDNA profiling can rapidly quantify much greater taxonomical and functional breadth and depth than human field observation. This project combines, for the first time, these two powerful, cutting-edge techniques for monitoring biodiversity at the global level in a consistent manner. Following from this, another key innovation will be the deepening of our scientific understanding of how biodiversity is impacted by anthropogenic pressure as well as by natural environmental gradients. In concert, these scientific developments will enable the accurate and fine grain monitoring of biodiversity from space – a ground-breaking contribution to the quest to meet the UN Sustainable Development Goals and CBD Aichi targets.
    AcronymBIOSPACE
    StatusActive
    Effective start/end date1/09/1931/08/24

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    • Author Correction: Priority list of biodiversity metrics to observe from space

      Skidmore, A. K., Coops, N. C., Neinavaz, E., Ali, A., Schaepman, M. E., Paganini, M., Kissling, D., Vihervaara, P., Darvishzadeh, R., Feilhauer, H., Fernandez, M., Fernández, N., Gorelick, N., Geijzendorffer, I., Heiden, U., Heurich, M., Hobern, D., Holzwarth, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Van De Kerchove, R. & 12 others, Lausch, A., Leitão, P. J., Lock, M. C., Mücher, C. A., O’Connor, B., Rocchini, D., Roeoesli, C., Turner, W., Vis, J. K., Wang, T., Wegmann, M. & Wingate, V., 2021, In: Nature Ecology and Evolution. 5, 12, p. 1639-1639

      Research output: Contribution to journalComment/Letter to the editorAcademic

    • Author Correction: Priority list of biodiversity metrics to observe from space

      Skidmore, A. K., Coops, N. C., Neinavaz, E., Ali, A., Schaepman, M. E., Paganini, M., Kissling, D., Vihervaara, P., Darvishzadeh, R., Feilhauer, H., Fernandez, M., Fernández, N., Gorelick, N., Geijzendorffer, I., Heiden, U., Heurich, M., Hobern, D., Holzwarth, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Van De Kerchove, R. & 11 others, Lausch, A., Leitão, P. J., Lock, M. C., Mücher, C. A., O’Connor, B., Rocchini, D., Turner, W., Vis, J. K., Wang, T., Wegmann, M. & Wingate, V., 24 May 2021, In: Nature Ecology and Evolution. 5, 7, p. 1046 1 p.

      Research output: Contribution to journalComment/Letter to the editorAcademic

    • Priority list of biodiversity metrics to observe from space

      Skidmore, A. K., Coops, N. C., Neinavaz, E., Ali, A., Schaepman, M. E., Paganini, M., Kissling, W. D., Vihervaara, P., Darvishzadeh, R., Feilhauer, H., Fernandez, M., Fernández, N., Gorelick, N., Geizendorffer, I., Heiden, U., Heurich, M., Hobern, D., Holzwarth, S., Muller-Karger, F. E., Van De Kerchove, R. & 11 others, Lausch, A., Leitãu, P. J., Lock, M. C., Mücher, C. A., O’Connor, B., Rocchini, D., Turner, W., Vis, J. K., Wang, T., Wegmann, M. & Wingate, V., 2021, In: Nature Ecology and Evolution. 5, 7, p. 896-906

      Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

      Open Access
      24 Citations (Scopus)