Modellen en beleidsinstrumenten voor het klimaateffect van biogrondstoffen (BO-43.10-007-001, BO-43-128-001)

Project: LNV project

Project Details


In December 2019, the European Commission presented the European Green Deal, which aims to transform the EU’s economy for a sustainable future. The underpinning objective is to increase EU climate efforts to reaching climate neutrality by 2050. For the intermediate 2030 target, the EU has to reduce its emissions by 50-55% compared with 1990 levels.


The Netherlands (NL) is aiming for a rapid transition to a low-carbon economy and has ambitious greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets. The 2019 Climate Act (Klimaatwet) sets targets to reduce GHG emissions by 49% by 2030 and by 95% by 2050 (versus 1990 levels). NL has developed a detailed policy framework in the 2019 Climate Agreement (Het Klimaatakkoord). The Agreement includes emissions reductions targets and measures in 5 sectors: (C1) Built environment, (C2) Mobility, (C3) Industry, (C4) Agriculture and land use and (C5) Electricity. The Climate Agreement forms the basis of the National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP), a 10-year plan setting out how to reach the national targets to ensure that the EU targets. There are indications that increasing in the production of bio-based raw materials in certain sectors (e.g. industry and construction sector) can make an important contribution in CO2 reduction targets.[1] However, it is still unclear how carbon capture, temporary storage of bio-based raw materials and embodied carbon in biobased products (different to energy and fuels) could contribute towards the GHG reduction. There is not yet consensus on which calculation methods for CO2 accounting are more suitable for these types of products (chemicals and materials). The lack of clarity on this topic, limits the development of policy efforts regarding this subject.


The Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality (LNV) is responsible for achieving the climate targets for Agriculture and Land Use, therefore having more knowledge on the potential role of bio-based raw materials is relevant for the formation of discussion panels, on the policy development and on the creation of instruments to support and stimulate  sustainable agriculture, as well as greening construction.


[1] Routekaart Nationale Biogrondstoffen. Naar een groter aanbod en betere benutting. Dorette Corbey, Bert van Asselt, Juni 2020.

Effective start/end date1/01/2131/12/24


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