The Dutch government is tasked with the energy transition and has a responsibility for maintaining biodiversity. There are concerns about the effects of energy infrastructure on populations of threatened, vulnerable species. DG Agro and Nature and the DG ETM have asked for an assessment of possible conflicts between the energy transition and nature goals on land and at sea in the context of policy-supporting research.
We provide an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of the state of knowledge, the theoretical vulnerability, and the spatial distribution of birds, bats, marine mammals and fish in relation to the presence of wind turbines, power lines, hydroelectric power plants and solar fields. Because the effects of energy infrastructure on species are almost always only assessed on a local scale (project level), the effects on a national scale are rarely evaluated. A major disadvantage of this is that species that are relatively scarce and therefore appear to be only incidental victims are usually not included in such assessments. The cumulative effect of all energy infrastructure, due to mortality and habitat loss, can however have an effect on the population development of the most vulnerable species. We evaluate where possible spatial conflicts occur for multiple species groups and multiple energy techniques, how the cumulative impact can be quantified now and in the future, and what measures can be taken to prevent these species from declining as a result of the growth of energy infrastructure. For this follow-up assignment, vulnerability maps of type groups will be further developed, in addition to revision of the report with new information regarding solution directions based on new insights. Moreover, the results will be presented during a knowledge exchange organized by IUCN-NL and EKZ (including preparation for this).
This is a follow-up question to the 2017 report "vulnerable species for energy infrastructure in the Netherlands", with the emphasis on further developing vulnerability maps, revising the report with new information (outside the initial assignment), and presenting the results (and preparation thereof).
|Effective start/end date||1/01/18 → 31/12/18|